Full text of "Christian Union Quarterly"
Whitney Houston, Adele (twice), Labelle, Kelly Clarkson and Rick Astley were among the US Billboard chart-toppers given the X Factor. [IMG] Arin Ray may be gone from The X Factor Season 2, but we're not the only ones keeping him in our hearts and minds after his elimination. Ray J even has his own dating wheel, which gives credence to Vince Staples' mind-blowing Theory of Ray J. The hip hop Nicki Minaj Meek Mill relationship.
Rainbow chooses to fly away in shame rather than admit she wronged him, but later halfway-apologizes, which Caramel accepts. Very often in these stories, the Slytherins view themselves as the victims of injustice, of rampant "anti-Slytherin prejudice.
The real kicker is that [[MisaimedFandom the writers of these stories and their supporters ]] [[DracoInLeatherPants actually seem to believe that the Slytherins are right]]. No matter how horribly the Slytherins behave, the writers always seem to attribute any display of animosity toward them to "anti-Slytherin prejudice.
Bizarrely, the author didn't think that Sirius would admit his responsibility for this, even though he does ''exactly that'' in the third book. She immediately blames Sonic who, in turn, immediately calls ''her'' out on it: And remember, April was ''four'' at the time. It is also HilariousInHindsight knowing that even the Cutie Mark Crusaders in the show somehow did a better job than her in following the recipe.
It becomes even worse when she says that she was aware of the "Do Not Try at Home" section prefacing the book, but states that she "chose not to read that part, so she can't possibly be held accountable for that. They genuinely believed that their boyfriends, Mikuo and Len, broke up with them because of Miku and Rin interfering, [[MisplacedRetribution even though Miku and Rin were completely and utterly innocent]]. After attacking Keitaro over [[OneSideOfTheStory a misunderstanding]], Motoko adamantly refuses to take responsibility for her own actions and instead blames ''Keitaro'', the victim in the whole situation, for everything, electing to challenge him to an honor duel She's flat-out told the sole reason she wasn't killed is because Naruto knocked her out and asked for mercy.
But all Tenten cares about is that he beat her effortlessly at swordsmanship Naruto gave her a sword then used a stick to beat her for an hour.
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As a result she wants him dead for humiliating her. Unfortunately for him, Hiashi not only found out immediately, Naruichi also had a receipt showing exactly who hired him. While Hiashi was [[NoHoldsBarredBeatdown "training"]] Neji in the dojo, Naruichi fixed a problem with Hinata's spine, leading her to be both more skilled and more confidant.
Like Tenten, Neji has had it explained to him that what happened particularly Hinata activating his seal while thanking him is his own fault but instead only cares about making Naruichi pay. First Empyrean's death, and Titan ''himself'' was responsible for the deaths of his first wife, Harmony and Empyrean II]]. Naru, Motoko, Haruka and Granny Hina are all ''especially'' bad about this.
No matter how badly they screw up, they both adamantly refuse to take responsibility for their own actions and will always pin the blame on somebody else, typically Keitaro. This tendency has caused them all manner of grief, but they ''still'' refuse to learn their lessons. However, as of chapter 24, Motoko has [[spoiler: According to Mammoth, "you can get a pass even if you fail by just making a good argument on why your lousy grade somehow wasn't your fault".
The entire reason for their suspensions were because they were bullying Twilight to the point where she suffered problems well into adulthood. When they try to get sympathy from Rarity, she calls them out on this. Not that they listen. As pointed out by the others, Mizore has good reason ''not'' to respect her, especially considering the fact that Arial nearly killed Mizore in a jealous rage less than twenty-four hours ago.
Gin, which Sun was spying on, that set Kokoa off in the first place. In her EstablishingCharacterMoment, [[TheBully Satome's]] [[AbusiveParents mother]] shatters a plate of food while yelling at her son, and then blames ''him'' for it before beating the crap out of him. Ascending Star]]'', Aqua notes this tendency in Celestia during their training and endeavors to stamp it out. When the apocalypse comes, she says, "Dammit, I knew I forgot something! Why didn't Spike remind me?!
Everything was clearly perfect because [[SmallNameBigEgo he ran the numbers himself]] so clearly she was destined to be Scrapped. He dies almost immediately after when he tries to attack her with a broken bottle. Before dying, Avalina's captor tries to kill her againblaming her of leading the Horned King back to them.
In reality, the lich came after them solely because Avalina was [[LaserGuidedKarma captured by that man]]. Before finally attempting to kill her, he gloats that all of the recent death and destruction is ''her'' fault]].
This is taken to new extremes and played with later on, when he has a ''never your fault'' moment after Fluttershy seemingly says she doesn't love him and he takes it out on literally everyone in the immediate are '''except''' her. Soifon blames Ichigo because Yoruichi was helping him, ignoring that she helped kill her. And Byakuya blames Ichigo because [[GenderFlip her]] sister was wrongfully executed for helping him, ignoring that Byakuya herself not only did nothing to prevent said execution but actively worked to stop anyone trying to prevent it.
Despite being the one who pushed Sci-Twi into unleashing the magic, Cinch tries to put all the blame for Midnight Sparkle on Sci-Twi and calls her a monster. She also puts the blame on Canterlot High School and tries to get them to quit the games. Sunset explains to Sci-Twi that this was the reason why Cinch deserved to be fired and blacklisted, when the latter feels like she doesn't deserve forgiveness.
Several characters have blamed their problems or the actions they have done on others, ignoring that they themselves have still done bad deeds and are not completely blameless for their own misfortunes. This usually results in others calling them out on their attitude and pointing out they brought their problems on themselves.
After her identity as Eris is discovered by ZIT she lists all the bad things that have happened to her, including Sunset's blackmail on her, Rainbow rape checking her, and Flash grabbing her breast, ignoring that she tried to kill ZIT multiple times even though they have done ''nothing'' but try to be her friends.
Sunset has this attitude when she [[LivingWithTheVillain moves into the dorm]].
She expects everyone to just [[EasilyForgiven forgive her]] right away when she [[KnowWhenToFoldThem doesn't want to fight them anymore]] because they forgave Fluttershy, but she continues to mess with them just to get reactions from them. She is finally called out on this when Twilight and Flash confront her for sleeping with Shining Armor.
Twilight breaks up with Flash after finding out [[YourCheatingHeart he had sex with Trixie]] because she feels she can no longer trust him and spends the next couple of days depressed in her room. While what Flash did ''was'' wrong, he had already shown countless times that he loved Twilight and was faithful to her, yet she got on his case for only having female friends and his pervert nature. This lack of trust from Twilight is what caused Flash to cheat on her to get back at her, and he regretted it immediately afterward.
Pinkie and Sonata [[WhatTheHellHero call her out]] on her attitude and point out she hurt Flash just as much as he hurt her. While it is true at first he ''was'' to blame for everything, by the present the ''only'' reason he's evil anymore is because she's literally ''forcing'' him to be an evil overlord so she can punish him for it. This is the only thing ''[[SelfInflictedHell keeping]]'' them there, as if they accept it and genuinely repent then they'll be set free. When Celestia replaced her with a young Twilight but allowed Dawn to stay at the School for Gifted Unicorns, Dawn physically attacked Twilight in a fit of rage, forcing Celestia to permanently expel her.
Years later, Twilight has become an alicorn princess as a result of her studies and hard work, while Dawn is living in a poor apartment and is unable to hold down even a simple job at a clothing store because she believes herself too important to work like an ordinary pony.
Rather than admit that it was her own fault that she lost her position as Celestia's student, Dawn chooses to believe that Twilight deliberately stole everything from her--Celestia's love, her status as a royal student, her supposed great destiny, the Element of Magic, and the princesshood that she would have had--and plots an elaborate revenge against her.
When he tried to extort Belldandy into sleeping with him, she responded by throwing him into a dumpster. Because several people got pictures of both the event and Aoshima having to climb out afterwards, his reputation was destroyed so he decides to blackmail Belldandy for it.
Benjamin Hares, the estranged husband of [[DeterminedHomesteader Grace Glossy]], is a conman prone to blameshifting and running away from his own troubles.
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He used to guilt-trip his devoted wife whenever they argued before he skipped town because of his debts, leaving Grace behind penniless and pregnant. When he reappears ten years later, he proves that he hasn't grown out of this vice.
When Grace refuses to let him sell her out to [[BigBad Dufayel]], he dares to claim that the problem is Grace's stubbornness instead of him and that he left because she didn't love him enough. When she's had enough and tries to throw him out, [[DomesticAbuse Benjamin assaults her]], shamelessly saying that she should have obeyed him.
By the end of their blame game, however, the Queen has had enough and [[CuttingTheKnot cuts the knot]] by demanding that ''all'' of them get executed for it. Beast retorts that Belle should have never entered the forbidden room and she retorts that he should control his temper True, it was partially Beast's fault Belle ran away due to him screaming at her and [[PoorCommunicationKills not explaining himself better]]; but for all his bad temper, Beast HAD told her to not enter that room, and had excellent reasons to forbid her from doing so.
Despite being more calmed afterwards, she disobeyed, and her entering the room and almost touching the rose could have made Beast be stuck in that shape forever, so he kind of had a reason to scream at her. Growing out of this immaturity and learning that he did do a lot of damage to his friends and family is an important part of his CharacterDevelopment and leads to him becoming TheAtoner.
Actually admitting her fault is an essential bit of CharacterDevelopment for her. Elinor never seems to realize that most people, her daughter included, would react badly to being forced into marriage, and Elinor behaves as though she cannot understand why Merida would object. Elsa completely blames Anna for everything while acting cocky about her own self.
Let's try forgivin', maybe we could live in harmony. Surprisingly, Hans is the only one to call him out by pointing all that happened was he slipped on ice. This implies that [[AbusiveParents his father]], [[GreaterScopeVillain the king of the Southern Isles]], never sent them a letter informing his son's punishment or even apologizing to them. As the king's cruelty led Hans to take the actions he thought would help free him from his father's reign, this means he doesn't feel remotely responsible for any of his youngest son's crimes or likely doesn't care that two women almost died because of him]].
When their car starts rolling down the mountain he blames Max for both the car running away, Goofy should have put the brakes on and the door being locked. Max retorts that the locked door was on Goofy's side. Goofy then blames Max for distracting him and tells Max he should have put the brakes on himself, then he accidentally breaks it.
Max use that to show that Goofy "ruins everything". Then Goofy blames Max for "ruining the vacation". Then Max told him he never even wanted to come and should have just let him stay home. The argument ends with Goofy saying all he wanted was to spend time with him and doesn't want them to become any more distant. All she did was flirt with him a little during her dance. He also orders his men to burn down a home, ''with an innocent family still inside'', with the excuse that they were harboring gypsies despite the only "proof" being that someone had found a gypsy emblem on their property.
Incredible told him he worked alone, Buddy had distracted him repeatedly, let Bomb Voyage escape, and had ''nearly gotten himself killed'' because he repeatedly tried to "help".
In Syndrome's self-serving flashback to the scene, Bomb Voyage is no longer present at all. Shere Khan believes that Kaa knows where Mowgli is after hearing the snake grumble "man-cub". But truthfully, Kaa has no idea where Mowgli is, but Shere Khan won't believe him and continues to threaten the python.
So to save his skin, Kaa fearfully lies to the tiger that Mowgli's at the swamp, allowing him to flee. When Shere Khan arrives at the swamp with Mowgli nowhere to be found, he angrily growls "That snake ''lied'' to me!
One of Lord Shen's main flaws. He refuses to take responsibility for his own evil actions, instead blaming his parents for not supporting him and the rest of the world for standing in his way.
Scar tries to shift the blame for the lack of food to the lionesses who won't hunt, instead of admitting that letting the hyenas eat the lions' game was what caused their food shortage. When Simba has Scar at his mercy, Scar tries to shift blame onto the hyenas. They overhear, and become extremely angry. Zira blames Kovu for Nuka getting himself killed trying to get the attention and praise [[TheUnfavourite she never gave him]].
She even weeps for her elder son briefly [[IgnoredEpiphany before turning her sorrow into anger]] at her youngest. But near the end of the movie, after Alex turns feral and runs away, Marty realizes that his [[BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor wish to be in the wild]] cost them their friend. The compatibility horoscope maintains that a couple consisting of an Aries man and Taurus woman has many chances for a successful continuation of dating. If your Aries date doesn't take you skydiving or bungee jumping the first.
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VALENTINE'S DAY | ASK SPECIAL
They show us how the Celts from time immemorial loved feasts, banqueting ceremonies show details of serving men, cup-bearers, wine, cask-shaped jars of earthenware or silver, meat served on platters of brass, or wood, or on plated baskets. The wine of Gaul appears very early in a Saga of the 8th century Meyer. There are wheaten cakes with honey. Weapons, of course, are described from the spears and swords of the earliest times to the guns of the historical period.
Several of the longer and more interesting Sagas contain "runs" of peculiar onomatopoetic rhythm, probably the oldest section of the tales.
Narrators, relating these tales from time to time, added words of their own, and variants are numerous. Here is an old sea "run," as given in the Highland oral version, after the three warriors embark in their vessel: His traditional laws were frequently handed down in oral rhyme, and even his property was divided in gifts, according to rhyme formula. The Chief of the Macdonalds, in a Gaelic traditional rhyme says: When old and a widower, he divided all that was left among his children, and lived with them turn about.
His sons and daughters, ungrateful and tiring of him, tried to get rid of him when he came to stay with them. An old friend, finding him tearful by the wayside and learning the cause of his distress, took him home; there he gave him a bowl of gold, and a lesson upon which the old man acted.
He went to a green hillock, where his grandchildren were at play, and, spreading out his gold, he muttered "Ye are mouldy, ye are hoary, ye will be the better for the sun. Still acting on the advice of his wise old friend, he carried a stout, little black chest about with him. When he was questioned as to its contents, he said: In it were found broken potsherds and bits of slate and a wooden mallet, with a legend on its head in Gaelic rhyme, of which the English is: The sub-division among members of a family was and is well-known to the class who told this tale, but does it not also represent the very old custom of the tribal period of swarming off from the parent household?
Then there is the actual handing over of the estate during the life of the owner, a well marked survival, in the Hebrides possibly, associated with Norse practice Du Chaillu.
The father living with the children probably points to the old Highland group of houses, worked by families in common. The desire to get rid of the old father suggests prehistoric native customs, very possibly also in close association with Norse Saga history Elton. The hammer may be associated with the cult of Thor and with primitive practice in ancient Scandinavia. Nothing more truly indicates the grade of civilisation of a race than the esteem in which women are held; and no popular sayings or proverbs speak of women more respectfully than those of the Gaelic-speaking Highlander, though economic conditions have been as trying for them in their social system as in corresponding peasant communities.
These sayings, like the longer popular tales, are not wanting in humour, but they never regard women as inferior beings, or as mere sources of mischief, which is very often the point of view of the proverbs of greater nations. Equally discernible is his spirit of indomitable personality everywhere. It has been shown that Highland folk-lore is not myth in the sense that it is imaginative only.
The amalgam of races in the Highlands Iberian, Pict, Gael, Norseman has naturally produced a folk-culture with various ethnic bases and indeed explains the existence of the folk-lore itself.
There is also the influence of the Christian culture, which, though not of ethnic significance, has arrested or held in suspense the earlier Pagan rites and beliefs. In addition to traditional materials, the folk-lorist must also take serious notice of the psychological conditions of the earlier race or races who remained satisfied with primitive explanations.
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Tradition in the Highlands has been strikingly persistent on account of remoteness and natural barriers. Roman culture itself did not penetrate north or west of the Grampians, and though the Highlands to-day are no more inhabited by uncivilised folk than other parts of Britain, contact with the modern world for the mass is a matter of yesterday. Remote communities still exist which are not quite in tune with the civilisation around them, and people exist who are capable of thinking as their forefathers did and in terms of the older psychology.
Life around them continues to impress them in a primitive way. The aged Uist man, as he gazes far across the Western sea, glimmering in the sunlight, raises his cap reverently from his head as he remarks, "How worthy of honour is the ocean! The young Uist man, in similar circumstances, exclaims only, "Not a blade of seaweed will come ashore to-day if the wind remains like this. The older race lives on though it has been conquered by Celt and Norseman, and an interesting task is to separate out in our Highland folk-lore, the differences due to different race-origins, and, if possible, make each item of folk-lore tell its own life history.
Simple primitive races all the world over have been and are influenced in the same way to a marvellous extent by their natural surroundings.
The moaning of the wind at night, the rush of the winter torrent, the surge of the surf on the shore, fleeting shadows, etc. Caesar himself repeated charm-spells to avoid misfortune, and Voltaire became quite depressed if he heard a raven croak. But apart from such common beliefs as these the Celts have preserved their own culture areas and living as they have lived, for untold centuries, on the fringe of West European civilisation, they have conserved, as set forth by Martin and others, in their folk-lore and in their practice a remarkable body of peculiar rites of their own.
These show in the various Celtic countries intimate contact at many points such as domestic and field deities, Christmastide customs, fire-festivals, processions, incantations, charms and remedies.
The field deities of the ancient British Celts were recognised by the Romans: In the Highlands they have become a traditional memory only, but in one of the Outer Isles a household deity, Ni Chlach Urlar Old Lady of the Hearth Stonewho personifies domestic strife, is still very much alive, and represented in the short Gaelic plays now in vogue in the island.
Three giants lived in a cave by the sea. One day one the giants said, "I heard a cow low. Burial customs, or what may be called the cult of the dead, manifest in the Celtic countries remarkable folk-lore affinities. The Breton people especially seem more physically intimate with the spirits of the dead than the other Celts. The dead retain, as it were, their place in the house, and the cemetery is merely a continuance of the fireside.
In Brittany those who have gone are not quite gone; they are still quite close, and have only changed their dwelling. The spirits may be doing temporary penance at the bottom of a well, in a tree, bird, animal or insect, and after expiation, accelerated by the tender devotional duties of near relatives, finally secures release and enters bliss. The spirits, as in our own Highland lore, and in that of the Isle of Man, Wales and Ireland, often return to the domestic hearth and take a serious and practical interest in household affairs.
Death rites and beliefs are a prominent feature of this folk-lore.
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The dreaded "Ankou," or Death personified, visibly visits abodes in Brittany to claim his victim: Funeral processions on coming within sight of one another have been known to make all the haste possible to secure the right of first entry to the cemetery.
Thus the person first interred would have only a very short spell of sentinel duty. Primitive notions are abundant. A cock crowing at night presages death, and a dog barking at an unusual hour for no apparent reason indicates the presence of phantoms.
It is not uncommon still to see a plate with salt placed upon the breast of a corpse, and in a recent instance in one of the Inner Hebrides, in addition to the salt, we noted an open Bible placed face downwards upon the lower half of the face of a very aged man who has passed away. The Bible was meant to prevent the ingress or approach of any evil spirit.
The windows had been all opened to facilitate the egress of the soul. To protect the living from evil spirits it was customary in the evenings, as the Gaelic folk-rhyme has it, to "Shut the North window, Close quickly the South one, Shut the window to the West, Evil never came from the East. Nothing evil could come inside the circle.
Children not so long ago even on the mainland, habitually, as a game, took a stick, alight at the farther end, and swung it rapidly in a fiery circle while repeating a Gaelic invocation. A propitiatory fire-procession takes place regularly still on the last day of the old year at Burghead. Similar practices are on record in the other Celtic countries.
Excessive grief on the part of the living is regarded as very undesirable: Primitive superstitions with a psychological element, connected with natural phenomena such as fire-balls or shooting stars, are fairly rife among very old people. The fire-balls in the current folk-lore signalise the imminent deaths of people of consequence. One curious practice still extant in at least one remote locality when a person is "in extremis" from heart trouble is to pour molten lead into a basin of cold water.
The piece of lead which assumes the shape most resembling a heart is taken by a relative to the shore and flung far out into the sea. The thrower exclaims in Gaelic: No doubt the remedy is as effective as most of our patent pills. Horoscopes from sheep shoulder blades have passed out of fashion, but divination from pouring white of egg into a glass of water is by no means unknown.
Only an expert can do it well. Of all the psychical phenomena of Highland folk-lore, no relic of superstition, if indeed it is correct to so describe it, persists more than that which is commonly called "second-sight. The Gaelic phrase really means "the two sights," "the two-fold vision," or "vision in two planes"; one material, the other spiritual.
Belief in this form of clairvoyance or some aspect of it is found in oral and written Celtic folk-lore Le Braz, Sebillot, Sauve, Gwerziou Breiz, Campbell, etc. It is specially prominent in Brittany and the Scottish Highlands. Only a limited number of people possess the gift which is regarded by themselves and their friends as an undesirable affliction more than anything else.
Such people may be held in some awe, but the general attitude towards them is one of great sympathy. The central fact of the belief nowadays is that certain people inherit or in some other way acquire the abnormal faculty of perceiving apparitions or phantoms, usually of sinister import, which have immediate connection with untoward events about to take place.
There are varying degrees of the faculty from the elementary form of sensitiveness which is limited to hearing uncanny sounds or knocks at unusual times or perceiving lights in unexpected places to the fuller form which included clear visions of spectral human forms, resembling people living or dead.
In Brittany these spectral appearances are called in the native Breton, seblanchou semblant ; in French they are "intersignes"; in Gaelic, "samhla" or "taibhs," equivalent roughly to the English "apparition. One or two instances from the present-day Highlands will frustrate the doctrine as well as fifty. The particular instances given are carefully selected at first hand, and not even remotely concerned with people who are neurotic, temperamental, excessively emotional, or in a low grade of mental or physical health; but, on the contrary, with people who seem normal in every way, and, so far as they are aware, without any form of control over the circumstances of their experiences.
A well-known and eminent clergyman was on his way to visit a lad whom he knew to be ill. As he approached the house he noticed a number of people standing on the roadway and about the door. He spoke to several of them but got no answer, which he thought strange. On entering the house he enquired after the lad, and then asked what the people on the road were doing there. The mother, in great excitement, exclaimed, "What people?
In a day or two the boy passed away. Another clergyman in perfect physical health, athletic, holding several University degrees, was sleeping with a friend in a bedroom connected by a passage with a room in which his aunt, under the care of a nurse, was lying seriously ill.
In the middle of the night both men were suddenly startled from their slumber by very loud knocks on the door. The clergyman got up, thinking he was summoned by the nurse. On opening the door he found nobody there, and, proceeding along the passage, he found both nurse and patient quietly sleeping.
The following night similar knocks at the same time aroused both men once more, but this time it was really the nurse to intimate that the aunt had just passed away. This was related to us by the clergyman concerned. In one of the islands of the west recently, a middle aged-farmer, in perfect health, was visited by a sailor friend home on furlough. After a chat, both proceeded for a stroll.
The sailor suddenly pulled his friend aside to make way, as he said, for a funeral that was about to pass. The farmer could see nothing and thought the sailor had taken leave of his senses, but the latter said quietly that he was subject to spectral visions and that nothing untoward happened on board his ship without his being made aware of it.
He named to the farmer the people attending the phantom funeral during the few seconds the vision lasted, but was unable to say who was in the coffin. He became rather unwell after the experience, and had to return and spend the night with the farmer. Three weeks later, long after the sailor had rejoined his ship, at about the same hour, as on the former occasion, the farmer strolling along met an actual procession, made up of the men named by the visionary, proceeding to inter the body of an unknown seaman, which had been found cast up on the shore.
On his return home, on one pretext or another, he persuaded his sister to postpone her marriage for a few months. In the house occupied by the narrator referred to, and as related by him, there is a small kitchen stool which periodically, without rhyme or reason, and plainly visible to all the occupants of the kitchen, rises uncannily clear into the air.
The inmates associate this apparently poltergeist performance with the fact that beer and whisky jars, for use at funerals, are always filled as they rest on this stool. The members of this household are frequently awakened on still nights by the loud rattling of these jars on their shelf. Whatever the explanation of these mysterious illusions or delusions may be, whether it be simple or scientific, there is no gain-saying the trustworthiness of the witnesses. Sneering indifference, complacent contempt, or violent prejudices, will neither explain them, nor explain them away, even if they prove to be destitute of permanent significance.
As a folk-belief of psychical type they remain, as for centuries they have remained, firmly entrenched. A kindred belief in one of the western isles, for which we can find no exact parallel in Celtic folk-lore elsewhere, concerns the mysterious "sluagh" or "Spirit Air Host," which is said to travel in numerical strength, approaching from any direction but the east, in crescent form, resembling the flight of grey birds.
They are said to be able to pick up a person bodily and transport him, willy-nilly, long distances, through the air, and from one island to another. Tales of their doings are told around the evening fire. They can rescue a man from a dangerous rock-cleft, but usually bode no good to mortals, and cattle are said to be injured by them. With care, the Highland culture-evolution, as set forth in folk-lore, and especially by recorders at first hand such as Martin, can be made a fruitful line of research.
It is at present virgin ground and no exhausted soil. In addition to the soul-history and social organisation of the race, the student of this folk-lore will find that he has succeeded in increasing not only his own knowledge, but mayhap also knowledge generally. This remote island occupied from the earliest times, was in evacuated, and the remnant of the native population, some thirty-six people in all, transferred under Government auspices to the mainland. Not only that, but the steward selected the most "meagre" among his friends in the neighbouring islands, to that number and took them periodically to St.
Kilda to enjoy the nourishing and plentiful, if primitive, fare of the island, and so be restored to their wonted health and strength. They can now, without suspicion of infidelity to the Queen of England, pay their duty to a Danish Prince, to whose predecessors all of them formerly belonged. They can boast that they are honoured with the sepulchres of eight Kings of Norway, who at this day, with forty-eight Kings of Scotland, and four of Ireland, lie entombed in the Island of Iona, a place famed then for some peculiar sanctity.
They presume that it is owing to their great distance from the imperial seat, rather than their want of native worth, that their islands have been so little regarded; which by improvement might render a considerable accession of strength and riches to the Crown, as appears by a scheme annexed to the following treatise.
They have suffered hitherto under the want of a powerful and affectionate patron; Providence seems to have given them a natural claim to your Royal Highness: Perhaps it is peculiar to those isles, that they have never been described till now by any man that was a native of the country or had travelled them.
They were indeed touched by Boethius, Bishop Lesly, Buchanan, and Johnston, in their histories of Scotland; but none of those authors were ever there in person: Buchanan, it is true, had his information from Donald Monro, who had been in many of them; and therefore his account is the best that has hitherto appeared, but it must be owned that it is very imperfect: Besides since his time there is a great change in the humour of the world, and by consequence in the way of writing.
Natural and experimental philosophy has been much improved since his days; and therefore descriptions of countries, without the natural history of them, are now justly reckoned to be defective.
This I had a particular regard to, in the following description, and have every where taken notice of the nature of the climate and soil, of the produce of the places by sea and land, and of the remarkable cures performed by the natives merely by the use of simples; and that in such variety as I hope will make amends for what defects may be found in my style and way of writing: