HIST Modern Britain: Film List
by delivering its customer relationship management (CRM) software Block has driven more vertical-specific solutions, made in-roads into. Michael Sheen and Dennis Quaid in "The Special Relationship. Loncraine, who also directed the HBO Winston Churchill biopic "The Gathering Storm. HBO plans to push "The Special Relationship" not just on TV but in DVD Malta, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico. The Special Relationship () .. BBC Worldwide/HBO .. In the late s, Churchill found himself on the fringe of British politics: a lone voice warning . This film focuses on the heroic defense of Malta, Britain's vital fortress colony in the.
Bob Rafelson, This film traces the friendship between Victorian explorers Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke that broke down during their expedition to find the source of the Nile, a route that took them through East Africa from Zanzibar to the shores of Lake Victoria. Based on the biographical novel by William Harrison and the travel diaries of Burton and Speke.
Jon Amiel, Charles Darwin, a brilliant scientist and devoted family man, struggles to come to terms with the devastating loss of his eldest daughter, Annie. Worried that his path-breaking theory of evolution might alienate his deeply religious wife and endanger their marriage, Darwin had procrastinated completing his manuscript.
Yet the memory of his inquisitive, intelligent and highly logical daughter spurs him to complete Origin of Species and send it off for publication. David Lynch, This gothic drama gives a moving portrayal of John Merrick, the grotesquely deformed Victorian-era man better known as "The Elephant Man".
Inarticulate and abused, Merrick ekes out a miserable living as a sideshow freak until a dedicated London doctor, Frederick Treves, rescues him from his former life and offers him an existence with dignity and acknowlegement of his humanity. A well-rendered view of the Victorian medical community. In the course of the fighting about 1, British soldiers were massacred by a force of over 20, Zulu warriors and the regimental colors were lost. Isandhlwana was the first engagement of the Anglo-Zulu War and stands as one of the most shocking defeats in British military history.
Zulu Dawn was written by Cy Enfield as a prequel to his more successful film Zulu released fifteen years earlier. Cy Endfield, In the British Army suffered one of its worst defeats when Zulu forces massacred 1, of its troops at Isandhlwana in South Africa. A short time after the main battle a Zulu force numbering in excess of warriors advanced on a British supply post at "Rorke's Drift" guarded by Welsh infantrymen.
This film was made in the s at a time when Britain's colonial control over Africa was rapidly disintegrating.
Basil Deardon, This Hollywood epic recounts the ill-fated struggle in of General Charles Gordon and his British-Egyptian regiment to hold the Sudanese city of Khartoum in the face of an attack by the forces of the Mahdi, a charismatic religious leader bent on the expulsion of the British.
A stylized portrayal of Gordon's Christian zeal and stubbornness set against the messianic goal of the Mahdi to wage a holy war against the foreign infidels.
Robert Hamer, Set in Victorian England, this film remains the most popular of the postwar comedies produced at Ealing Green Studios. Louis D'Ascoyne is the would-be Duke of Chalfont whose mother was spurned by her noble family for marrying an Italian singer for love. Louis resolves to avenge his mother by murdering the relatives ahead of him in line for the dukedom, all of whom are played by Alec Guinness.
Michael Anderson, The plot revolves arounds a scandal in a British regiment stationed in India in the s. Drake is from a middle-class background and is eager to advance himself by making the right impression. Millington, the son of a general, is not keen on army life and desires to get out as soon as he possibly can. When the widow of the regiment's most honored hero is assaulted, Drake must defend Millington from the charges in an unusual court-martial. Based on the play by Barry England.
Stephen Frears, InAbdul Karim, a young police clerk from Agra, is selected by the British colonial goverment to travel to London to present a gift to Queen Victoria on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee.
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Abdul strikes up an unlikely friendship with the "Empress of India" and stays on in Britain to become her servant and, at her request, her munshi teacher of Urdu and the Qur'an. When Victoria dies inAbdul returns to India. Based on the book by Shrabani Basu and Abdul's diary discovered in Albert and Allen Hughes, A stylish and dark thriller based on the infamous Whitechapel murders of that terrorized the residents of East London and baffled police.
This is the most recent among many popular films about "Jack the Ripper" and provides an artful recreation of crime, poverty, and survival in the slums of Victorian Britain. The film's title "From Hell" refers to the return address on one of the notes left by the Ripper. Mike Leigh, The legendary musical duo Gilbert and Sullivan are at a crossroads in their careers. The plot revolves around the inspiration for their comic opera The Mikado.
Considered by many to be quinessentially English, they remain beloved by audiences worldwide. Bruce Beresford, The true story of three Australian army officers serving in the Bushveldt Carbiniers, a unit of the British forces fighting in the Boer War, who were court-martialed by the British South African High Command for alleged atrocities.
To this day many Australians claim the men were scapegoats in an unpopular war. This courtroom drama reveals well the growing tensions between Britain and her imperial dominions. Based on the play by Australian Kenneth Ross. Brian Gilbert, An intimate portrayal of the life of poet, playwright, and novelist Oscar Wilde. The self-realization of his homosexuality caused Wilde enormous torment as he juggled marriage and fatherhood with his obsessive love for Lord Alfred Douglas.
Wilde refused to flee the country when charged with "gross indecency" and was sentenced to two years hard labor. This film juxtaposes the genius of Wilde against the intolerance and hypocrisy of late Victorian Britain.
David Mamet, InLondon banker Arthur Winslow learns that his year-old son, a naval cadet, has been expelled from college after being accused of petty theft. The boy denies the offense and Winslow then risks his fortune, health, and daughter's marriage prospects to pursue justice and restore his family's honor. After a guilty verdict by a naval board of inquiry, Winslow takes the matter all the way to Parliament.
Based on the play by Terence Rattigan and a real incident that took place at the Royal Naval College, Osborne, in This television miniseries recreates the events of the three-year construction of the unsinkable liner Titanic from the perspective of the wealthy investors, middle-class engineers, and working-class shipyard crews.
The plot alternates between the technical details of the fated liner and the rising political consciousness of Belfast's Protestants and Catholics. His short and sad life spanned from the pomp of the Edwardian court through the turmoil of the First World War. A loving, insightful, and humorous child, John suffered from epilepsy and autistic-like learning difficulties and was diagnosed as an "imbecile". An embarrassment to his image-conscious family, he was isolated from public view in one of the royal estates until his premature death.
Ferdinand Fairfax, This miniseries recounts the tragic story of the Scott expedition's failed attempt in to be the first to reach the South Pole.
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Their arrival at the pole five weeks after Roald Amundsen's Norwegian team was demoralizing enough, but the return journey proved even worse. After his death, Capt. Robert Scott was lionized as an Edwardian hero but in recent years his leadership and personality have been questioned.
This series, beautifully filmed in Greenland, offers a much less flattering portrayal of Scott than the glorified image in the film Scott of the Antarctic. Sarah Gavron, Maud Watts, a young laundress from London, becomes involved with the Suffragettes, also called the Women's Social and Political Union WSPUa movement around the turn of the twentieth century that fought to achieve votes for women.
Excluded from the established political system, the Suffragettes turned to dramatic and, at times, violent tactics to make their voices heard. Alan Bridges, In the summer of a small group of lords and ladies gathers at the country estate of Sir Randolph Nettleby for a shooting party. An accurate and nuanced portrayal of a way of life that on the eve of the First World War was already in the midst of an irreversible decline.
Julian Fellowes, This acclaimed series is set in a fictional Yorkshire estate and revolves around the lives of the Crawleys, an aristocratic family living through the great events of the early twentieth century. The plot portrays changes in British society and class sensibilities beginning in the post-Edwardian years and lasting into the chaos and uncertainty of the Interwar period.
Some critics have noted that popularity with American viewers has affected the depiction of class attitudes and other social behavior in later episodes.
Through nine seasons at the spa, the four come to share with each other their same tastes, desires, and elegantly perfect Edwardian lives. Over time, however, it becomes clear just how far short of perfection their lives really are. Based on the semi-autobiographical novel by Ford Madox Ford. The plot focuses primarily on Shackleton's epic struggle to lead his man crew to safety after their expedition ship Endurance was crushed in pack ice.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, polar exploration represented for Britain the last great frontier of imperial discovery. Filmed in Iceland and Greenland.
Christopher Hampton, This film recreates the lives of the Bloomsbury group of intellectuals and artists in Edwardian England, as seen through the relationship between the painter Dora Carrington and writer Lytton Strachey.
The Special Relationship (film) - Wikipedia
Instead, she has found her soulmate in Strachey, a homosexual who, in fact, is infatuated with Carrington's husband. Christopher Monger, Two English surveyors visit the small South Wales village of Ffynnon Garw in to measure what is claimed to be the "first mountain inside of Wales". The villagers are proud of their "mountain" and are disappointed to learn that it is in fact a "hill". Not to be outdone by a mere rule and the English who enforce itthe villagers set out to make their hill into a mountain.
A comic look at Welsh pride and the attitudes of the "Celtic periphery" towards English predominance.
Richard Attenborough, An unlikely musical satire about the First World War as portrayed by the leaders of the great powers and the members of an average British family, the Smiths, who go off to fight.
Much of the plot is conveyed in the lyrics of actual songs from the period and many scenes recreate some of the more famous and infamous incidents of the war.
A mocking comedy about the jingoism, cynical politicking, and wartime enthusiasm that sent so many to die. Based on the stage musical of the same name. Martin Campbell and Jim Goddard, This television series dramatizes the extraordinary life and exploits of Sigmund Rosenblum a.
President Obama hails 'special relationship' - May So while Churchill took every opportunity to urge the cause of Anglo-American friendship and collaboration, his ardent Atlanticism was never fully reciprocated in Washington, and the vision he had spelt out in his Harvard speech was never realised - except in the pages of his multi-volume History of the English-Speaking Peoples, on which he had begun work during the late s, and which he eventually published 20 years later, after he'd finally retired as prime minister.
In addition to the speeches he delivered at Harvard University and at Westminster College, Churchill also gave an address at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in March Once again, he was invited to share the podium with Harry Truman. The president pulled out at the last minute, but Churchill delivered another wide-ranging survey, reflecting on world history during the last 50 years, to which he added some futuristic observations appropriate to the place where he was speaking.
While Churchill took every opportunity to urge the cause of Anglo-American friendship and collaboration, his ardent Atlanticism was never fully reciprocated in Washington As at Harvard and Fulton, Churchill extolled the close connections between the United Kingdom and the US, and he reiterated his belief that Communist Russia represented a massive threat to freedom.
But he also drew attention to the growing importance of science and technology in the modern world. He spoke about aeroplanes and submarines and radar, and he began by lamenting that "we have suffered in Great Britain by the lack of colleges of university rank in which engineering and the allied subjects are taught". Although he'd studied scarcely any science at school, Churchill was fascinated by weapons and gadgets and technology, which was why he had been so attracted in his youth to the novels of HG Wells, and why he later became a close friend of Professor Frederick Lindemann, Lord Cherwell, who was for many years his unofficial scientific adviser.
The Americans realized that French friendship was worthless during these negotiations: John Jay promptly told the British that he was willing to negotiate directly with them, cutting off France and Spain.
He was in full charge of the British negotiations and he now saw a chance to split the United States away from France and make the new country a valuable economic partner. The northern boundary would be almost the same as today. It was a highly favorable treaty for the United States, and deliberately so from the British point of view. Shelburne foresaw a highly profitable two-way trade between Britain and the rapidly growing United States, which indeed came to pass.
The British evacuated their soldiers and civilians in New York, Charleston and Savannah in late Over 80 percent of the half-million Loyalists remained in the United States and became American citizens. The others mostly went to Canada, and referred to themselves as the United Empire Loyalists.
Merchants and men of affairs often went to Britain to reestablish their business connections. The British also took away about free blacks, former slaves who fought the British army; they went to Nova Scotia.
Many found it inhospitable and went to Sierra Leonethe British colony in Africa. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes.
The Native American tribes allied with Britain struggled in the aftermath; the British ignored them at the Peace conference, and most came under American control unless they moved to Canada or to Spanish territory. The British kept forts in the American Midwest especially in Michigan and Wisconsinwhere they supplied weapons to Indian tribes. Role of Jay Treaty privately printed pamphlet containing the text of the Jay Treaty Trade resumed between the two nations when the war ended.
The British allowed all exports to America but forbade some American food exports to its colonies in the West Indies. The imbalance caused a shortage of gold in the US. InJohn Adams became the first American plenipotentiary minister, now known as an ambassador, to the Court of St James's. King George III received him graciously. Tensions were subdued when the Jay Treaty was signed inwhich established a decade of peace and prosperous trade relations.
In his view, the treaty worked for ten years to secure peace between Britain and America: Two controversies with France… pushed the English-speaking powers even more closely together. It bet, in effect, on England rather than France as the hegemonic European power of the future, which proved prophetic. It recognized the massive dependence of the American economy on trade with England.
In a sense it was a precocious preview of the Monroe Doctrinefor it linked American security and economic development to the British fleet, which provided a protective shield of incalculable value throughout the nineteenth century. Mostly, it postponed war with England until America was economically and politically more capable of fighting one. Thomas Jefferson had bitterly opposed the Jay Treaty because he feared it would strengthen anti- republican political enemies.
When Jefferson became president inhe did not repudiate the treaty. He kept the Federalist minister, Rufus King in London to negotiate a successful resolution to outstanding issues regarding cash payments and boundaries. The amity broke down inas relations turned increasingly hostile as a prelude to the War of Jefferson rejected a renewal of the Jay Treaty in the Monroe—Pinkney Treaty of as negotiated by his diplomats and agreed to by London; he never sent it to the Senate.
The legal international slave trade was largely suppressed after Great Britain passed the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act in War of See also: The United States imposed a trade embargonamely the Embargo Act ofin retaliation for Britain's blockade of France, which involved the visit and search of neutral merchantmen, and resulted in the suppression of Franco-United States trade for the duration of the Napoleonic Wars. Indeed, Britain's goal was the creation of an independent Indian state to block American expansion.
The approaching conflict was about violations of American rights, but it was also vindication of American identity. The American strategy called for a war against British shipping and especially cutting off food shipments to the British sugar plantations in the West Indies. Conquest of Canada was a tactic designed to give the Americans a strong bargaining position. To enlist allies among the Indians, led by Tecumsehthe British promised an independent Indian state would be created in American territory.
Repeated American invasions of Canada were fiascoes, because of inadequate preparations, very poor generals, and the refusal of militia units to leave their home grounds. The Americans took control of Lake Erie in and destroyed the power of the Indian allies of the British in the Northwest and Southeast. The British invasion of the Chesapeake Bay in culminated in the " Burning of Washington ", but the subsequent British attack on Baltimore was repelled. The British invasion of New York state in was defeated at the Battle of Plattsburgh, and the invasion of Louisiana that launched before word of a ceasefire had reached General Andrew Jackson was decisively defeated at the Battle of New Orleans in Negotiations began in and produced the Treaty of Ghentwhich restored the status quo ante bellum.
No territorial gains were made by either side, and the British plan to create an Indian nation was abandoned. The United Kingdom retained the theoretical right of impressment, but stopped impressing any sailors, while the United States dropped the issue for good.
Tensions between the US and Canada were resolved through diplomacy. The War of marked the end of a long period of conflict — and ushered in a new era of peace between the two nations. Disputes —60 The Monroe Doctrinea unilateral response in to a British suggestion of a joint declaration, expressed American hostility to further European encroachment in the Western hemisphere. Nevertheless, the United States benefited from the common outlook in British policy and its enforcement by the Royal Navy.
In the s several states defaulted on bonds owned by British investors. London bankers avoided state bonds afterwards, but invested heavily in American railroad bonds. Rebels from British North America now Ontario fled to New York and used a small American ship called the Caroline to smuggle supplies into Canada after their rebellion was suppressed.
In lateCanadian militia crossed the border into the US and burned the ship, leading to diplomatic protests, a flare-up of Anglophobiaand other incidents.
The most heavily disputed portion is highlighted Tensions on the vague Maine—New Brunswick boundary involved rival teams of lumberjacks in the bloodless Aroostook War of There was no shooting but both sides tried to uphold national honor and gain a few more miles of timber land.
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Each side had an old secret map that apparently showed the other side had the better legal case, so compromise was easily reached in the Webster—Ashburton Treaty ofwhich settled the border in Maine and Minnesota. But the Clayton—Bulwer Treaty proved an important step in improving relations. Relations with the United States were often strained, and even verged on war when Britain almost supported the Confederacy in the early part of the American Civil War. British leaders were constantly annoyed from the s to the s by what they saw as Washington's pandering to the democratic mob, as in the Oregon boundary dispute in However British middle-class public opinion sensed a " special relationship " between the two peoples based on language, migration, evangelical Protestantism, liberal traditions, and extensive trade.
This constituency rejected war, forcing London to appease the Americans. During the Trent affair of lateLondon drew the line and Washington retreated. The area was largely unsettled, making it easy to end the crisis in by a compromise that split the region evenly, with British Columbia to Great Britain, and Washington, Idaho, and Oregon to America. The US then turned its attention to Mexico, which threatened war over the annexation of Texas. Britain tried without success to moderate the Mexicans, but when the war began it remained neutral.
The US gained California, in which the British had shown only passing interest.