Chadwick and student Joseph Szczebak did so by studying the two-band clownfish and its host, the bubble-tip anemone, both collected from. Of the over 1, anemone species that live in the ocean, only 10 species coexists with the 26 species of tropical clownfish. Within these. Clownfish aren't the only animals that adopt anemones as their host. My last article covered the relationships between clownfishes (anemonefishes) and their host . seven species of non-clownfishes that associate with the condy anemone .
Clownfish eat the leftovers from fish on the anemone and algae. The leftovers include copepods, isopods and zooplankton. Clownfish have a few ocean predators, but their greatest threat is humans. People who catch clownfish and keep them as pets in aquariums are making a mistake. There are only ten out of more than one thousand types of anemone that are able to host these fish.
Many people put the fish in a tank with the wrong anemone. In captivity, the clownfish can live from 3 to 5 years. In the wild, they live 6 to 10 years. Symbiosis describes the special relationship between clownfish and sea anemones. They are the only fish that do not get stung by the tentacles of the sea anemone.
Clownfish have a slimy mucus covering that protects them from the sea anemone.
However, if this covering is wiped off of a clownfish, it will get stung and possibly be killed when it returns home to the anemone. The clownfish and the sea anemone help each other survive in the ocean.
The clownfish, while being provided with food, cleans away fish and algae leftovers from the anemone. In addition, the sea anemones are given better water circulation because the clownfish fan their fins while swimming about. Clownfish live at the bottom of the sea in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons, usually in pairs. Clownfish have a special relationship with the anemone and are very important to them. They are a large help to the anemone as they clean the anemone by eating the algae and other food leftovers on them.
They also protect the sea anemones by chasing away polyp-eating fish, such as the butterfly fish. The map below shows where in the world clownfish can be found. They live in the warmer waters of the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean.
There are no clownfish in the Caribbean. What is the Life Cycle of the Clownfish? The spawning season of the clownfish, a time when they breed, is year round in tropical waters.
Males attract the females by courting. Courting behaviours include chasing, biting and extending fins. Clownfish lay their eggs in batches on coral, rock or next to the sea anemone that they call home. Surprisingly, dozens of animals regularly seek refuge in anemones' deadly tentacles. James Fatherree explores the other fish and crustaceans that associate with anemones. My last article covered the relationships between clownfishes anemonefishes and their host anemones, as well as the substitute hosts that these fishes will often take up residence in when no suitable anemone is available.
This month I want to continue on the subject of fishes living with anemones, but not the same fishes. Surprisingly, there are at least fifty such species of non-clownfishes that associate with anemones, some of which are regularly offered in the hobby. Maybe you'll decide to try one or more of these pairings in an aquarium.
Fishes First A search of the literature turned up numerous papers discussing non-clownfishes living with anemones.
Far more than I expected, actually. However, while clownfishes are obligate symbionts that are never found living away from an anemone in the wild except when very young, these non-clownfishes are faculative symbionts. This means that they may live with an anemone, and doing so may increase their chances of survival and reproductive success, but they do not have to.
Unlike clownfishes, many of them also associate with anemones only when young. And, most are also different from clownfishes in that they live amongst or just near the stinging tentacles of their host anemone but do not intentionally come into contact with them.
Condylactis Anemone, Condylactis gigantea, Giant Golden Anemone
As is the case with clownfishes, it is thought that those species that can come into contact with the tentacles are protected by their mucus slime coat, which either contains chemicals that inhibit the discharge of an anemone's nematocysts stinging cellsor simply lacks any chemicals that would stimulate their discharge.
On the other hand, those that do get stung on occasion are thought to be accepting of an occasional sting in return for the protection from predation that an anemone's tentacles can provide. With that covered, I'll give you a number of examples that I was able to find: The common domino damselfish Dascyllus trimaculatus is frequently found living amongst the tentacles of various anemones and can come into full contact with them.
It has been reported to associate with the Ritteri anemone Hetractis magnificathe sebae anemone H. Like clownfishes, the domino damselfish can come into full contact with the tentacles of several anemones, and is frequently seen living in them in the wild.
Typically they share an anemone with clownfishes.
Aquarium Fish: Animals That Associate With Anemones (other than Clownfishes)
Anyway, the similar white-spotted damselfish Dascyllus albisella and Strasburg's damselfish D. However, it is not clear if they are able to make full contact with the tentacles. While some seem to make occasional contact with them, others seem to only hover near them. The condy anemone L and the curley-cue anemone R are commonly-offered species that do not host clownfishes, but several other fishes and some crustaceans may associate with them.
Likewise, the Moluccan cardinalfish Apogon moluccensis has been reported to associate with an unidentified anemone of the genus Heteractis and makes contact with its tentacles, while the yellow-banded cardinalfish Apogon nanus sometimes associates with tube anemones ex. Several fishes and crustaceans may also associate with Hell's fire anemones L and tube anemones Rwhile clownfishes do not.
Various wrasses also associate with anemones, especially when juveniles.
Intricate relationship allows the other to flourish : Sea Anemones - AskNature
For example, the blunthead wrasse Thalassoma amblycephalum reportedly associates with the bubble-tip anemone Entacmaea quadricolor and the Ritteri anemone, where it sometimes coexists with the tomato clownfish Amphiprion frenatus in the bubble-tip anemone and the ocellaris clownfish A.
Several other juvenile wrasses associate with this and other anemones, as well. The exception to the above was the ringed blenny Starksia hassiwhich made full contact with the tentacles of the condy anemone. Another study reported that the diamond blenny Malacoctenus boehlkei also associated with the condy anemone and touched its tentacles, while a third reported that yet another blenny, the palehead Labrisomus gobiodid the same. Several species of butterflyfishes feed on anemones and thus must have some means to deal with stings, and juvenile sunburst butterflyfish Chaetodon kleinii are frequently seen moving amongst their tentacles.
Juvenile sunburst butterflyfish are often seen associating with anemones, such as the Ritteri anemone L and Merten's anemone R. Regardless, here's something quite unusual that I came across by accident. It's a story about a personifer angelfish Chaetodontoplus meredithiassociating with the carpet anemone Stichodactyla haddoni and touching its normally sticky and very deadly tentacles after a period of acclimation.