The relationship of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to the American civil rights movement How did Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X use religion to bolster their. Editor's note: The full film is no longer available online. A half-century after their deaths, Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X remain two of the. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X are very prominent African American individuals throughout history. They fought for what they stood for.
Their many beliefs may have blossomed from the households they came from and how they grew up. King grew up in a middle class family and was well educated. While, Malcolm X grew up in an underprivileged environment that was very hostile with barely any schooling. Martin Luther King Jr. He always stood his ground, and he stood out because even though he may have been physically attacked, he never reacted with violence.
Malcolm X was a Muslim, and believed in Muslim principles.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr. - iHistory
He believed in fighting back physically. Whatever had to be done to get freedom he was all for it whether it be violence or nonviolence. Although later in life he visited Jerusalem, and met other Muslims. He changed his views, and became nonviolent.
MLK vs. Malcolm X (similarities/differences)
One of the most famous civil rights acts was the March on Washington, which portrays the different perspectives of Martin Luther King Jr. The March on Washington took place on August 28, Over 20, people came to march from Washington to the Lincoln memorial in Washington D. Martin, by contrast, not only attended university but also found much more positively inspiring role models than Elijah Muhammed to look up to as he joined the struggle for civil rights, in which Malcolm had a slight headstart.
But Martin had other advantages in this inadvertent race, such as the fact that he was a Baptist leader, and Baptism was the most common religious affiliation of African-Americans at the time.
MLK vs. Malcolm X (similarities/differences) | Life Examinations
By the s, Malcolm had risen in the ranks of the NOI and become the most active advocate of its black supremacist knock-off of Islam. But by then Martin was the most popular leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the country. And it was probably at this point, in the mids, that Malcolm and Martin first became aware of each other.
Early Activism Their disagreements started off right then and there. Malcolm and the NOI were rejected, and from that point on Malcolm repeatedly tried to meet with Martin, and Martin repeatedly ignored him.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr.
InMartin rejected two offers from Malcolm, the first to a debate-type event and the second to speak at a rally that Malcolm had organized in New York City.
Nor could Martin continue to ignore his fiercest black critic, who was becoming increasingly popular among politically-active black youth. In his youth, there was no hope, no preaching, teaching or movements of nonviolence… and yet he possessed a native intelligence and drive which demanded an outlet and means of expression. Malcolm] would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem. Only a few months later, in earlyMalcolm made his famous hajj, or Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah.
He returned a changed man — no longer a member of the NOI, no longer a black supremacist, and now truly a Muslim and more open to working together with Martin and other leaders he had previously criticized.
An example of his initiative during this time can be seen in his impromptu meeting with Martin in Washington, D. I really did come thinking that I could make it easier.
Martin was visibly disturbed by the news. While we did not always see eye to eye on methods to solve the race problem, I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had the great ability to put his finger on the existence and root of the problem. He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems that we face as a race.
While I know that this is a difficult hour for you, I am sure that God will give you the strength to endure. I will certainly be remembering you in my prayers and please know that you have my deepest sympathy.
Always consider me a friend and if I can do anything to ease the heavy load that you are forced to carry at this time, please feel free to call on me. Perhaps that was because I had just met him [at Selma], and perhaps it was because I had begun to understand him better. Martin and I had reassessed our feelings toward him.
We realized that since he had been to Makkah and had broken with Elijah Muhammad, he was moving away from hatred toward internationalism and against exploitation. What a pity that this man who was so talented and such an articulate spokesman for black people should have to die just as he was reaching for something of real value. Both have a secure place in history.
I merely want to show that however much the disciples of passive resistance detest violence, they are politically impotent without it.