# Relationship mechanical and thermal energy

### What Are the Differences Between Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy & Thermal Energy? | Sciencing In physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy. It is the energy associated with the motion and position of an object. What is Mechanical Energy? o Energy due to a object's motion (kinetic) or position (potential). The bowling ball has mechanical energy. When the ball strikes the. Mechanical energy can be either kinetic energy (energy of motion) or potential energy (stored This is the subject of Lesson 2 - the work-energy relationship.

This type of potential energy is the result of the height of an object and gravitational pull. Potential energy is stored within a mass or object until it begins to move.

Work, Energy, and Power: Crash Course Physics #9

Kinetic Energy Kinetic energy is the energy of an object in motion. Potential energy is converted to kinetic energy when the object begins to move.

There are three types of kinetic energy: Each type of kinetic energy is named according to the type of movement the object experiences or performs. Vibrational kinetic energy is the energy that results when an object vibrates. Rotational occurs when an object rotates or turns.

Translational kinetic energy refers to an object moving from one location to another. No further useful work is possible; the energy is now 'lost to the environment'. The recovery of waste heat from the exhausts of vehicle engines for example is an active research topic. The 'end of the road' is still low level thermal energy. What do we mean by 'system' here? In defining the system we are necessarily excluding interactions with some objects which are collectively termed the environment.

### Mechanical energy - Wikipedia

If thermal energy is transferred to the environment then energy will no longer be conserved in the system.

Our article on conservation of energy further explores this concept. Joule devised elegant experiments that confirmed this relationship.

He also showed that W could be any form of energy, not just work against friction, provided it is all converted to heat.

## Mechanical Energy

In this experiment you will recreate one of Joule's experiments involving friction. Mechanical work is the product of a force times the distance through which it acts, but how can one measure heat?

Heat changes a body to which it is added; for instance, its temperature may rise or there maybe a phase change e. As long as there is no change of phase and the temperature changes are small, to a first approximation, the change in heat of a body is directly proportional to the change in its temperature.

## Mechanical energy

Furthermore, since a body can be conceptually broken up into smaller ones and the change in heat of the whole is the sum of the heat changes of the parts, a given temperature change should require an amount of heat directly proportional to the mass. The constant of proportionality C, called the specific heat relates the temperature change of a given body to the quantity of heat that produces it. It is a characteristic of the material of which the body is composed. This relationship C independent of temperature is an approximation that is good over small temperature ranges. C at that temperature. The specific heats of other materials are determined by comparison with water and are tabulated for many common materials. For instance, the tabulated value of the specific heat of brass is which you will need in analyzing your experiment.