Déagol - Wikipedia
Any relationship between Sméagol and Bilbo (or any hobbits of the Shire) About this time Déagol the Stoor finds the One Ring, and is murdered by Sméagol. Some may say that the story would play out the same way, but with Deagol Get help that's tailored to your needs from verified tutors who know how to teach. he became very unpopular and was shunned (when visible) by all his relations. The closer the relationship between Sméagol and Déagol, the more The names "Smeagol" and "Deagol" are assonantal, which can infer a.
Meanwhile, the Dark Lord Sauron re-assumed physical form and took back his old realm of Mordor. The hobbit Frodo Baggins inherited the ring from Bilbo Baggins, his first cousin once removed and guardian. When Gandalf became certain, he knew the only way to destroy the Dark Lord and prevent the absolute corruption of Middle Earth was to keep Sauron from getting the ring. Gandalf strongly advised Frodo to destroy the ring by throwing it into the Cracks of Doom, the lava flow in the heart of Mt.
Doom, where the all the rings were originally forged. Frodo agreed, and thus began an arduous and very dangerous quest. Along the way Frodo was tracked and attacked several times by Gollum who was driven to get the ring back from Frodo.
When Frodo had the opportunity to do away with Gollum, however, Frodo showed mercy. The result spoiler alert!
Middle Earth was saved. We all have ambivalent relationships that we cannot avoid, trying as they are. That decision takes us into serious contemplation on the nature of fellowship. And, to be candid, we often consider ways to avoid these relationships. Maybe there is a redemptive purpose in the midst of this trying relationship. Gollum is that person who causes persistent irritation, but in the end plays an important, even essential, role.
I do not claim I wanted to continue in those relationships. This secret is never more potent and poignant than in the experience of war, where the encounter with the enemy as a readiness both to kill and to die involves not only identification of the enemy but also identification with the enemy.
The grieving survivor enjoys life as a surfeit, and his affirmation of life in the wake of war constitutes also an obsessive denial of mortality. Derrida writes with the benefit of hindsight.
Gollum and Necessary Companions
InSimmel could not have foreseen the way in which the approaching war would test his assertions about the quality of friendship and the capacity for sacrifice, but the dynamic of secrecy he describes resonates in The Lord of the Rings, which represents a similar cogitation on interiority and society. The moral power of secrecy was never more visible than during the great wars of the early twentieth century.
War propaganda posters from throughout Europe and the United States emphatically express the theme that for non-combatants the most important duty in war was to maintain secrecy Paret et al. Posters with pithy epigrams like loose lips sink ships are still familiar today, but many others reinforce the moral duty of secrecy He s in the silent service are you?
This imagery was almost universal in propaganda posters of the time. Though Tolkien despised propaganda, his fiction evokes the same opposition the enemy is looming, dark, disembodied, and he s always watching, while the hero is conceived an embodiment of national character and 1 See,and for images of the disembodied threat see, and for images of the ancient warrior.
Christie symbolized by the warrior of the past. Tolkien, like Simmel, is skeptical about the emerging surveillance society of the twentieth-century and seems to oppose a vision of ancient fellowship to the invasion of the self by a probing, disembodied Other. Tolkien sought and achieved deep intimacy on many fronts his devoted marriage to his first love, for example, and his celebrated friendship with C.
In his inclination towards societies like the T. S and the Inklings, he was, as Lewis writes, a man of cronies Carpenter, Tolkien. Modern war formed one prominent source of his despair Tolkien identified modernity s machinery and mass-culture with propaganda and the destruction of war. For Tolkien, propaganda is the signal mode of communication of an impersonal, mass-produced world. It pits a sociolinguistic illusion aligned with horrifying violence against the more personal experiences of war related, for example, in letters to his son.
In a letter to Christopher Tolkien inhe writes of the tragedy and despair of all machinery laid bare. Unlike art, he argues, which is content to imagine, machinery attempts to actualize desire, and so create power in this World Letters.
The failure to recognize this connection is a world-wide mental disease Letters cf. In another letter later in that same year he wonders, when it is all over, will ordinary people have any freedom left or will they have to fight for it, or will they be too tired to resist?
In the face of mass- produced notions and emotions, and especially of imperialist propaganda, he hopes that at least in our beloved land of England, propaganda defeats itself Letters cf.
He laments in a third letter from the same year that the future is impenetrable especially to the wise for what is really important is always hid from contemporaries, and the seeds of what is to be are quietly germinating in the dark in some forgotten corner Letters. Tolkien thus shares with the thinkers of secrecy like Simmel and Jung a sense of the alienation of the spiritual private property of the individual in the industrial world.
Mass production leads to machinery of war as inexorably as mass culture leads to propaganda. Wrestling against the unknowable future, he Mythlore Further indications of Tolkien s contemplation of secrecy and interiority are revealed in his non-fiction essays, where secrecy is firmly connected with imagined languages and with the sense of both community and of isolation associated with their invention. He explains, nonetheless, that curiosity about language is always a trait of those who achieve great success as scholars.
If this individual love and curiosity fails, their tradition becomes sclerotic. In this essay, he uses the imagery of roots and mountains positively to represent the achievement of knowledge loved for its own sake and out of personal enjoyment rather than for the good of humanity. Later in the same essay, Tolkien recounts how he once refused to explain how he found philology profitable or enjoyable when asked as if I were some curious wizard with arcane knowledge, with a secret recipe that I was unwilling to divulge my emphasis.
In another essay, Tolkien describes the invention of languages as a secret vice, though also as a delicate pleasure Secret Vice. On his way to discussing the invention of entirely new languages, Tolkien considers the partial or code-languages of childhood and their function in confirming close community among friends who imagine themselves members of a secret and persecuted society.
Tolkien begins the essay deflecting and deferring until finally reaching an anecdote through which to confess his own pleasure in imaginary linguistics he describes a man he sat next to during a military training lecture who suddenly but quietly blurted out I shall express the accusative case by a prefix! Tolkien further characterizes this man as a queer creature ever afterwards a little bashful after inadvertently revealing his secret who cheered and comforted himself in the tedium and squalors of training under canvas by composing a language, a personal system and symphony that no else sic was to study or hear.
Tolkien s explanation of this soldier depicts a certain self-referential solace to inventing a language that will never be used to communicate or reinforce a community.
Christie membership in a society. This soldier, as a queer creature, suggests a model for Gollum, who also occupies an interior world in which he escapes from the tedium of his surroundings by talking to himself.
Such secrecies, establishing a relationship between language, society and isolation, pervade The Lord of the Rings. In particular, secrecy manifests itself along racial lines according to which the histories, languages, and moral fates of the races are reflected in their reaction to the rings of power. This secret door prefigures the door to the Mines of Moria, hidden and doubly encrypted by a riddle written in runes. The dwarves, as Tolkien explains, used the languages of men in their transactions across Middle-earth.
Despite the excessive greed caused by their possession of rings of power, these dwarves could not be brought under Sauron s control because the thoughts of their hearts are hard to fathom Silmarillion S.
Tolkien thus posits intrinsic psycho-social characters for dwarves, elves, hobbits, and men. Dwarves are possessed not only of particular stubborn toughness, but also with thoughts encrypted and obscure even if one can magically penetrate their minds.
Their language is a treasure that both expresses and conceals their identity. Many similar examples could be proffered The elves, as guardians of mystical knowledge and as immortals who have witnessed events now also lost to the view of men, represent an especially intensified form of secrecy the hidden past of ancient wisdom and forgotten worlds.
The Council of Elrond meet in the secret valley of Rivendell Hobbit. The imagery of revealing and concealing and the connection of subjectivity with concealment is powerfully symbolized in the invisibility- Mythlore This eye does not merely seek Frodo physically, but invades his person with a horrible growing sense of a hostile will that strove with great power to pierce all shadows of cloud, and earth, and flesh, and to see you to pin you under its deadly gaze, naked, immovable LotR IV.
Sauron s most horrifying violence is psychological the penetration of Frodo s spiritual private property with his own gaze and his own, far more powerful, consciousness. The Ring which makes Frodo physically invisible nevertheless reveals him to the consciousness of the Dark Lord, under whose gaze he his individual will is threatened.
Secrecy has a theological depth that brings moral force to almost every action.
Minas Tirith Forums: Smeagol/Deagol
Tolkien s history thus weaves together mythical themes connecting secrecy with power and death. In disguise as the Lord of Gifts he tries to sway both elves and men by offering them the knowledge and skill which those have who are beyond the Sea.
While they forge rings of power under his guidance, Sauron secretly made One Ring to rule all the others and while he wore the One Ring he could perceive all things that were done by means of the lesser rings, and he could see and govern the very thoughts of those that wore them. Sauron does not foresee that this magical awareness will be reciprocal. The elves immediately become aware of his consciousness and his deception upon wearing their own rings they remove them and successfully hide three, giving them to the Wise, who concealed them and never again used them openly while Sauron kept the ruling Ring.
This foundational moment in the pre-history of The Lord of the Rings is essentially a story of deception and espionage. Whatever the various powers of the rings, including the One Ring, it is their transmission of consciousness, their penetration of intention and interiority that constitutes their greatest danger.
Sauron s special desire for the three elven rings is their particular power to ward off the decays of time and postpone the weariness of the world. The effect of nine rings possessed by men also evokes a paradox of eternal life, since the affected ring-bearers had, as it seemed, unending life, yet life became unendurable to them.
In this the Ringwraiths suffer a similar fate to the Elves. For the Elves die not until the world dies, unless they are slain or waste in grief. In Tolkien s imagination, the greatest sorrow is history the sorrow of endurance suffered alike by elves whose lives are woven into the fabric of the world and who can therefore remember things long since lost others.
Many critics identify Gollum as a central symbolic entity, for all his apparent insignificance as a being. Patricia Meyer Spacks, in one of the earliest essays to treat The Lord of the Rings with critical seriousness, writes that though comparatively weak in evil, Gollum has become the symbolic representative of evil. Gergely Nagy points out the central role of Gollum in figuring the constitution of subjects in language. For Nagy, Gollum s name provides an etymological equation with the Ring, linking him ineluctably with ideas of both treasure and monstrosity and thus making Gollum s name just a variant for this central signifier.
Gollum s character is iconically identified by the characteristics of his speech the repetitive hissing and solipsistic monologue in which he seems endlessly engaged is often dismissed as infantile or whining, 2 but its key feature is the use of the first person plural. Though the narrator of The Hobbit remarks that the name Gollum derives from the swallowing noise he makes, he always called himself my precious and always spoke to himself, through never having anyone else to speak to Hobbit.
Later it seems that 2 For example, see Flieger, Splintered Light. The moniker thus suggests Gollum s attempt to maintain an identity in secrecy, splitting his consciousness to form an intimacy with himself. Referring to himself as we and addressing himself as my precious, Gollum represents the psychological toll of his isolation and the symbolic burden as the erstwhile possessor of the ring.
On one level, Gollum is a philologist-figure Shippey, Road to Middle-Earthreflecting Tolkien s own philological self-consciousness about the invention of private languages. That this meeting should take the form of a riddle competition appears prima facie to provide a point of folk-cultural contact between the two characters, but it also involves them in a ritualized probing of each other s intentions that reflects profounder subjects fear, loneliness, suspicion, the ability of two differentiated hobbits to trust each other, and ultimately the intrusion of the will of the Ring s creator.
The association of Gollum with secrecy becomes even more plain in The Lord of the Rings. The differences in their character are slight but significant. Christie he might find them LotR I. When he discovered that the ring granted him invisibility, he concealed it and used it to find out secrets, and he put his knowledge to crooked and malicious uses. Gandalf observes that the ring had given him power according to his stature I. This is a tightly organized story in which diction continually reinforces the thematic links between an obsession with origins, secrecy, and the sinister kind of solipsism that marks Gollum s final wretchedness.
The meaningfulness of these names has been noted before, but their centrality to the theme of secrecy in the The Lord of the Rings is worth much deeper explication. Douglass Parker s early review of The Lord of the Rings includes a long footnote giving examples of how names in the trilogy reflect a philologist s imagination note. Ryan s observation forms part of a catalog of examples of Tolkien s considerable awareness of the residuum of association in words and names from the Germanic world.
Considering Tolkien s choice of Mythlore Tolkien himself indicates that he has used modernized versions of ancient English words to represent the way that Hobbit words of northern origin were related to the language of the humans of Rohan.
He is equally self- interested in his struggle, but wishes to keep the ring for a different reason to bury it or hoard it for himself. The struggle between the two characters can thus be read as an allegory about the appropriate response to secrets to dig them up, or let them lie.
The depth of their meanings for Tolkien can, of course, be found in etymology, but also in Old English literature, where the revealing and concealing play a predictable role in the expression of sacred and social meaning. Then there are Present Day English reflexes like meek, moist, and smuggle, as well as Latin mucus slime, including of course, nose slime Indo-European Documentation Center. Christie indications of what he took this verb to mean. The heavy duty performed by this word reflects its constant use in describing Christian contemplation.
Old English translations of the Gospel demonstrate the potential implications of this word. In the Gospel of Mark, when Christ is questioned by Scribes and Pharisees, the concepts of interrogation and meditation themselves become subjects of scrutiny. This question provides an opportunity to consider the hypocrisy of the Pharisees who wash the outside of the cup, and of the platter but whose inside is full of rapine and iniquity Luke.