Steve biko and donald woods relationship

OUT OF AFRICA - Chicago Tribune

steve biko and donald woods relationship

Stephen (Steve) Bantu Biko was a popular voice of Black liberation in she and Steve were involved in an illegal relationship under Apartheid law. .. Donald Woods, the editor of the East London based Daily Despatch, was. Steve Biko say they would like to honour Donald Woods - the white Cape Town - The family of Steve Biko on Monday mourned the governments around the world, benefited more from the relationship than his father. Late at night on the last day of , Donald Woods, a white the illegal manuscript of a book he had written about Stephen Biko, a black leader of '' Gandhi,'' the picture follows the relationship of Biko and Woods and the.

Donald Woods - Telegraph

Additionally, he favored hiring reporters who had had experience working overseas. Woods had several scrapes with the South African Security Police regarding editorial matters and on numerous occasions ruffled the feathers of Prime Minister B. Vorster in frank, face-to-face exchanges regarding the content of Dispatch editorials.

Woods found himself tiptoeing around, and sometimes directly challenging, the increasingly restrictive government policies enacted to control the South African press.


A young black woman, Dr Mamphela Rampheleberated Woods for writing misleading stories about the movement, challenging him to meet with Biko. The two men became friends, leading the Security Police to monitor Woods's movements.

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Nevertheless, Woods continued to provide political support to Biko, both through writing editorials in his newspaper and controversially hiring black journalists to the Daily Dispatch. On 16 Junean uprising broke out in Sowetoin which predominantly to year-old students from Soweto participated in a march to protest against being taught in Afrikaans and against the Bantu Education system in general. The police ordered the children to disperse, and when they refused the police opened fire, killing scores and by some estimates, hundreds [3] of them.

As the children pelted the police with stones, South Africa went up in flames. The government responded by banning the entire Black Consciousness Movement along with many other political organisations, as well as issuing banning orders against various persons. Donald Woods was one of the banned persons and was effectively placed under house arrest.

He was killed on September Woods went to the morgue with Biko's wife Ntsiki and photographed Biko's battered body.

steve biko and donald woods relationship

The photographs were later published in Woods's book, exposing the South African government's cover-up of the cause of Biko's death. Life in exile[ edit ] Tele Bridge border post from the South African side Soon after Biko's death, Woods was himself placed under a five-year ban.

He was stripped of his editorship, and was not allowed to speak publicly, write, travel or even work for the duration of his ban. Over the next year, he was subjected to increasing harassment, and his phone was tapped. The final straw came when his six-year-old daughter was severely burned by a T-shirt laced with ninhydrin.

Disguised as an Anglican priest, Father "David C. However, following days of steady rain, the river had flooded, leaving him to resort to crossing at the Tele Bridge border crossing in a Lesotho Postal Service truck driven by an unsuspecting Lesothan man, who was merely giving the "priest" a ride.

He made it undetected by South African customs and border officials to Lesothowhere, prompted by a prearranged telephone call, his family joined him shortly afterwards. Once they arrived in Lesotho, Bruce Haighan Australian diplomat of the embassy, drove him to Maseru. With the help of the British High Commission in Maseru and from the Government of Lesothothey flew under United Nations passports and with one Lesotho Government official over South African airspace, via Botswana to London where they were granted political asylum.

Donald Woods - Wikipedia

He toured the United States campaigning for sanctions against apartheid. The trip included a three-hour session, arranged by President Jimmy Carterto address officials in the U. Woods also spoke at a session of the United Nations Security Council in On 11 FebruaryNelson Mandela was released from prison after serving twenty-seven years in prison, 17 of those years on Robben Island. That Easter, Mandela came to London to attend a concert at Wembley Stadium to thank the anti-apartheid Movement and the British people for their years of campaigning against apartheid.

Woods gave Mandela a tie in the black, green and gold colours of the African National Congress to celebrate the event, which Mandela wore at the concert the next day. His son Dillon was one of the organizers of the fundraising appeal in the United Kingdom.

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A cheering crowd took him to the head of the queue, giving him the place of honour so that he could be one of the first to vote in the new South Africa. Following the election, Woods worked for the Institute for the Advancement of Journalism in Johannesburg.

Biko realized that blacks had the dual problem of both overt and covert racism. One can easily see overt forms of racism: However, covert racism is more difficult to deal with. This covert form is personified by the desire of some whites to do something for the black South Africans. In an earlier time, this idea was called "the white man's burden.

steve biko and donald woods relationship

To be fair, many would not use this terminology, especially in more recent times. However, the underlying concept is that of white superiority over blacks. To Woods' credit, he was able to speak out against racism and apartheid and still not attempt to dominate or control the self-expression of blacks. Black South Africans had to navigate between the racists who wanted to keep them down and those few whites who wanted to help. In one sense, white liberals were more dangerous to the movement of liberation, because they wanted to do for blacks what blacks had to do for themselves, and Biko knew this.

Donald Woods

And yet to both their credits, Biko and Woods worked out a relationship of equals. When Stephen Biko was killed by being beaten to death by the police in September ofit was the photographs that Woods had taken that showed the world the human rights violations of the white minority government in South Africa. Those pictures of the brutally beaten body of Biko showed the rest of the world the depravity of apartheid and sparked the maelstrom of revulsion against that government and its policies.

Woods' photos also forced an inquest into Biko's death. However, in retaliation, the government placed Woods under house arrest and was not allowed to speak to more than one person at a time.

Interestingly, this was the same injunction placed upon Biko before he was killed. Woods escaped from South Africa posing as a priest and lived in England for 13 years. Finally, in August ofhe returned to South Africa for the first time since Woods died of cancer on August 19, at the age of