Summoning of the Estates General, | Palace of Versailles
The Estates-General (or States-General) of So to attempt to find a solution, the King of France convoked the Estates General. What was the main reason behind the calling of Estates General in in France?. Estates-General, also called States General, French États-Généraux, in France of the pre-Revolutionary monarchy, the representative assembly of the three. The king would call a meeting of the Estates General when he wanted the advice on certain issues. The Estates General didn't meet regularly and had no real.
First Estate - The First Estate was made up of the clergy. These were people who worked for the church including priests, monks, bishops, and nuns. This was the smallest estate in terms of population.
These people held most of the high offices in the land, got special privileges, and didn't have to pay most of the taxes. These people were the peasants, craftspeople, and laborers of the land.
They paid taxes including the gabelle a tax on salt and the corvee they had to work a certain number of days for free for the local lord or the king each year.
It was the first meeting of the Estates General called since He called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems.
How did they vote? One of the first issues that came up at the Estates General was how they would vote.
Estates-General | Definition, Meeting, & History | jogglerwiki.info
The king said that each estate would vote as a body each estate would get 1 vote. The members of the Third Estate did not like this. It meant that they could always be outvoted by the much smaller First and Second Estates. They wanted the vote to be based on the number of members.
The Third Estate Declares the National Assembly After arguing over how they would vote for several days, the Third Estate began to take matters into their own hands. They met on their own and invited members of the other estates to join them.
During this year period, there were several attempts to re-form the Estates General. His successor Louis XV came under considerable pressure from the parlements, who refused to register new taxes unless the king called the Estates General.
A depiction of different costumes worn by deputies at the Estates General A similar protest with the parlements forced Louis XVI to convoke the Estates General in On August 8ththe king relented and brought forward the Estates General by three years.
The question then turned to how the Estates General would be formed and what voting procedures it should adopt. Traditionally, the Estates General had met as three separate estates.
Estates General of 1789
The First Estate clergy and Second Estate nobility both assembled in full regalia, seated to the right and left of the king, while the Third Estate commoners dressed in black and were seated at the rear. Voting at the Estates General was conducted by order — that is, each of the Three Estates deliberated on matters separately and cast one vote in unison.
This electoral procedure meant the Third Estate, which represented around 97 percent of the people, was regularly outvoted by the First and Second Estates, which represented the remaining three percent. These procedures and precedents dated back to the previous Estates General inhowever, so it was unclear what might happen in A drawing showing the Three Estates on their way to the Estates General The question was partly answered in September when the Paris parlement, now recalled by the king, issued the edicts summoning the Estates General.
This triggered outrage among the bourgeoisie and in the pages of newspapers. The parlements, previously hailed as defenders of liberty and the people, were now condemned as servants of aristocratic self-interest. This gave rise to two slogans: In November the king, acting on the advice of Jacques Neckerrecalled the Assembly of Notables to examine the issue.
The Notables only confirmed the ruling of the parlements, insisting on the procedures of On December 27th the king, by way of compromise, agreed to double the number of seats for deputies from the Third Estate.
The question of voting, however, was left unresolved. This was significant because no matter how many deputies were elected to represent the Third Estate, its voting power remained unchanged. On the contrary, it was lawyers who best understood the state and legal system and who generally were over-represented in such assemblies. Under the circumstances, it is actually surprising that 16 percent of delegates to the Estates General were directly connected to the world of commerce.
The Estates General
The election of Third Estate deputies was more complex and involved several different stages. In the towns and cities, there was an extra stage, with guilds and corporations sending representatives to a town assembly, which chose representatives to attend the bailliage assembly.French Revolution - Estates General, Tennis Court Oath and National Assembly
In addition, deputies to the Estates General needed to be wealthy enough to pay their own way to Versailles and remain there for several weeks. These factors shaped the composition of the Third Estate deputies, who were more representative of the bourgeoisie than the working classes.