Manuel Verdugo: Macbeth Questions
A, B. What is the setting for the entire play? Scotland. Whom do the witches plan to meet again and where? Macbeth; upon the heath (desolate field). The Tragedy of Macbeth Comprehension Questions When do the Witches plan to “meet again” (line 1)? Whom do they plan to meet, and where. When, where, and with whom do the witches plan to meet next? when- after the battle where- on a heath in the field with- macbeth Scene 2 1. Who does the.
But it did not end the problem since the Norwegian king found it as the suitable time to attack with his fresh army. That frightened the brave soldiers Macbeth and Banquo but they just fought with double the force and manages to stay invincible.
What do we learn from Ross and Angus 1. Who was the traitor in this different revolt? What does King Duncan say about the traitor and about his title 1. We learn that the Norwanian army, assisted by the betraying thane Cawder began a bloody battle. But then Macbeth came and matched them shot by shot until they surrendered. King Duncan declares that the traitor Cawder should be executed and that his titles should be granted to Macbeth. Act 1, Scene 3 1. What is the effect of what the witches tell each other in 1.
What is the effect of the specifics they tell? Are these details important to the plot of the play? Why are they here? What does the First Witch mean by line 9? Keep the line in mind; "do" is an important word in this play.
How do the witches prepare for Macbeth's arrival, and what do they say 1. Gives some more suspense to the play since they plan to do evil to a sailor. The specifics they tell show how thought out their plan is.
The witches chant a spell to prepare for their meeting with Macbeth. Does Macbeth's first line 1. What do the witches look like 1. What do they tell Macbeth 1. What happens to Macbeth then? How do we know? What does Banquo ask the witches and what do they tell him 1. What do we know that Macbeth doesn't know in 1. The witches are describes as creatures never seen before on earth, Banquo says they look like women but that their beards tell him otherwise. Banquo also demands to know his own future.
Macbeth is then left speechless because Banquo says so. How does Banquo explain the witches 1. What does Macbeth learn from Ross and Angus 1. What is Macbeth doing in lines ? Note where he is speaking to himself, where he is speaking only to Banquo, and where he is speaking to everyone. How is Macbeth reacting to what the witches have said and to what Ross and Angus have said?
Read Banquo's speech in lines carefully for a statement related to the themes of the play. Then read Macbeth's speech at 1. What is he saying? What is he beginning to think about? Notice an echo of the paradox of "fair is foul" in lines Banquo had described the witches as being a bubble that emerged and just disappeared from sight. Macbeth learns from Ross and Angus that he will be granted the title of the thane of Cawdor.
Banquos speech states how Macbeth must be careful about believing what the witches had said because they may just be providing only a part of the truth so that Macbeth will then be lead to destruction since they only provide the little parts of the details. He is horrified at the thought of killing King Duncan, but resolves to accept whatever has to be. He lies to Banquo about his thoughts.
How does Macbeth explain his behavior 1. How much of his thought does he plan to share with Banquo 1. Macbeth tells the other men that he had just been distracted. He wants to share his thoughts with Banquo. Act 1, Scene 4 1. How did Cawdor die 1. How does the King respond 1. Keep these lines in mind. Malcolm reports that the Thane of Cawdor died a repentant and dignified death.
King Duncan reflects that it is impossible to judge anyone by his or her outward appearance since he had completely trusted Cawdor. How does the King greet Macbeth and Banquo 1. Note the imagery of planting and growing. What announcement does the King make in lines ? Prince of Cumberland is the title of the Scottish heir apparent, like Prince of Wales for the English.
Where does the King intend to go 1. How does he react in his aside to the King's announcement of his heir 1. What is going on in Macbeth's mind? King Duncan greets Macbeth and Banquo by thanking them so much for their help and contributions. The planting imagery serves to show that Duncan had planted the seeds for a successful career for both. The king then announces that his elder son Malcolm will inherit the throne to the kingdom.
The king then says he will visit Macbeth at his house. Macbeth tells his eyes to not see what his hands would do; kill Malcolm. Act 1, Scene 5 1. Has Macbeth reported accurately to his wife 1. How does she respond? Read her speech in lines carefully. How does she describe Macbeth? Does this match what we have seen of him? Macbeth has told his wife most of everything that has happened.
She analyses his nature, fearing that he is too decent and delicate to murder king Duncan for the crown. She describes him as being too kind to be capable of murdering someone to achieve what he wants. Her description does seem to match most of what is said about Macbeth. How does Lady Macbeth respond to the news that the King is coming? What does she intend to do? What does she have to do to herself to let that happen? When the Attendant gives news that Macbeth and the king are approaching, she calls on evil spirits to assist her murderous plans.
She greets Macbeth with thoughts of future greatness. She intends to kill king Duncan so that her husband can become king. Who is in charge when Macbeth arrives 1. Has Lady Macbeth decided what to do? What does she tell him to do, and what will she herself do?
Macbeth - Wikipedia
Lady Macbeth is in charge when Macbeth arrived. She had decided to murder King Duncan so that Macbeth would become king. She tells Macbeth to just act normal during the time the king stays in the household and to leave the rest of the plan to her. She urges Macbeth to hide his deadly intentions behind some welcoming looks. She will manage the killing of Duncan herself. What is Lady Macbeth's name? A trick question-it's not in the play.
But historical sources tell us her name was Gruoch and that she had a son by a previous marriage, named Lulach.
See the Bedford Texts and Contexts edition of Macbeth, p. Act 1, Scene 6 1. Read the opening speeches 1. How honest is Lady Macbeth's welcome 1. It is very dishonest. She welcomes Duncan with elaborate courtesy. She speaks of loyalty, obedience and gratefulness for past honors. Act 1, Scene 7 1. Read Macbeth's soliloquy in 1. Notice the repetition of "done" in lines How ready is Macbeth to kill the King? What is he worried about in lines ?
What special rules of hospitality is Macbeth violating lines ? What motivation does Macbeth attribute to himself lines ? Macbeth thinks a lot and decides that he will not kill Duncan. He is worried that such crime will come back to get him in the future. He is violating the rule that the hostess must protect his guests and not murder them themselves. What is Lady Macbeth complaining about in lines ?
What does Macbeth then say, and how does Lady Macbeth reply? Read their discussion in lines carefully to see what positions each holds and what means each uses to convince the other? Who is the stronger person in this scene? Lady Macbeth complains to Macbeth that why he had not shown up to the king yet since he had already asked for him.
Macbeth then tells his wife that he does not want to kill the king and she replies by calling him a coward. She then tells him of what they can accomplish and that he should not reject the desires that he holds inside of him. The stronger person in this scene is Lady Macbeth since she even convinced Macbeth to carry on their murder. She convinced him so that he will not think of it twice any more.
ACT 2 Act 2, Scene 1 1. What is the purpose of the opening of 2. Notice the references to time linesand think about the other references to time so far in the play 1. What is the function of the discussion about the witches in 2. The purpose to state the time may be so that the reader can have more understanding of what is happening in the play. The function of the discussion of the witches is to show how Macbeth begins to lie.
When Banquo says he has dreamt of the Witches, Macbeth replies with a lie. Read Macbeth's soliloquy in 2. What is happening to him? How does he explain it? What will he do about it? Notice references to time in line59 and to deeds and done in lines Alone, Macbeth hallucinates, thinking he sees a bloodstained dagger. As he moves to murder Duncan, his thoughts are filled with evil images. Macbeth thinks that either his mind is playing with him or his sight fails him. He decides that it is the crime that he is going to make that keeps haunting him and so he will get over with it while his courage has not left.
Act 2, Scene 2 1. What is Lady Macbeth's state of mind in her soliloquy 2. What has she done? What does she assume Macbeth is now doing? Why didn't she do it lines ? But as she hears an owl screech she thinks that Macbeth is just committing the murder.
What deed has Macbeth done 2. What is Macbeth worried about in lines ? How does Lady Macbeth respond lines ? Notice the heavy emphasis on the murdering of sleep in lines What problem arises in line 46?
How is it solved? Keep lines, and 65 about washing in mind for later in the play. Macbeth had just finished killing Duncan. He is worried that some of the guests dreamt of the crime and then prayed. The problem that arises in line 46 is that Macbeth heard the man dreaming shout out that Macbeth had murdered sleep and that in consequence, Macbeth should not be able to sleep no more.
Macbeth was also afraid to go back to the room and leave the daggers there as evidence and smear blood on the guards to blame them. So then Lady Macbeth called him a coward and did it herself.
Act 2, Scene 3 1. What does the porter pretend to be doing? Notice the emphasis on equivocation in this speech and in the following dialogue with Macduff. Equivocation was a doctrine espoused by Jesuits living secretly in England and in danger of arrest, torture, and death that allowed them to swear oaths with double meanings in order to preserve their lives while also maintaining their faith but that looked to their opponents very much like lying under oath.
Equivocation had recently been much discussed because of the trials surrounding the Gunpowder Plot of Novembera Catholic attempt to blow up Parliament while the members and the King were present. Watch how the idea of equivocation functions in the play. He talks about admitting to Hell a greedy farmer, a liar and cheating tailor. He jokes with Macduff about the effects of too much drink.
What is the thematic function of Lennox's conversation with Macbeth about the unruly night lines What is the theatrical function of the scene? Why does something need to be here? It gives more insight about the fact that Macbeth may be discovered and will be killed at the end of the play.
It makes the audience put more emphasis on what Macbeth will say and how he could ever manage to get himself out of the problem alive. What news does Macduff report at line 59? How do Macbeth and Lady Macbeth respond? What does Macbeth report in lines that he did? What do Malcolm and Donalbain decide to do and why lines and ? Where will they go?
What do they seem to expect will happen if they don't leave? Macduff, horror-struck, reveals the murder of Duncan. Macbeth and his wife both act as if they were very shocked something like that had happened in their own house.
Malcolm and Donalbain decide to leave because they could also be in danger and are ready to take the throne themselves. They think that they have the most say in that cause and plan to become king themselves since they are sons of the king. They believe that their closest relatives are the most likely to murder them in an attempt to take the throne. They decide to separate to different countries to avoid being murdered themselves. Act 2, Scene 4 1. What is the function of the dialogue between the Old Man and Ross lines ?
What do we learn from Macduff about Malcolm and Donalbain? Where has Macbeth gone? Where will Macduff go? Macbeth was historically a member of the royal family; his mother and Duncan's mother were sisters, daughters of Duncan's predecessor as king; both Duncan and Macbeth were historically about the same age. Duncan ruled from to and Macbeth from to Notice that many of the key words and ideas we have been tracing appear in this scene.
Macbeth has been elected king, and has gone to Scone to be crowned. Macduff will not go to the crowning ceremony and instead got to Fife. How does Banquo react to Macbeth's being King 3. What does he suspect has happened to Duncan? He suspects that Duncan was murdered by Macbeth. What does Macbeth learn from Banquo in lines ? Why does he want to know it? What does he say about Malcolm and Donalbain in lines ? He learns that Banquo will be riding far in the day until he will return at night to make it for the feast of Macbeth.
Macbeth wanted to know because he wanted to hear his good advice at the council that day but then decides to postpone it till the next day. Macbeth then mentions that Malcolm and Donalbain are hiding in different countries and are spreading malicious rumours. Read Macbeth's soliloquy in 3. What is bothering Macbeth? How does Macbeth get the two murderers to agree to kill Banquo? Has he told them the truth about Banquo and himself? What has brought the murderers to be willing to do a deed like this?
Macbeth reminds them of an earlier conversation when he told them that Banquo is their enemy. He then taunts the Murderers, urging them to show that theyt are men, not dogs. Macbeth and Banquo then together plot the murder of Duncan, at Lady Macbeth's urging. Macbeth has a long, ten-year reign before eventually being overthrown by Macduff and Malcolm. The parallels between the two versions are clear. However, some scholars think that George Buchanan 's Rerum Scoticarum Historia matches Shakespeare's version more closely.
Buchanan's work was available in Latin in Shakespeare's day. Scholars have seen this change of Shakespeare's as adding to the darkness of Macbeth's crime as the worst violation of hospitality. Versions of the story that were common at the time had Duncan being killed in an ambush at Invernessnot in a castle. Shakespeare conflated the story of Donwald and King Duff in what was a significant change to the story.
In Chronicles, Banquo is an accomplice in Macbeth's murder of King Duncan, and plays an important part in ensuring that Macbeth, not Malcolm, takes the throne in the coup that follows. The Banquo portrayed in earlier sources is significantly different from the Banquo created by Shakespeare. Critics have proposed several reasons for this change. First, to portray the king's ancestor as a murderer would have been risky. Other authors of the time who wrote about Banquo, such as Jean de Schelandre in his Stuartide, also changed history by portraying Banquo as a noble man, not a murderer, probably for the same reasons.
Many scholars think the play was written in in the aftermath of the Gunpowder Plot because of possible internal allusions to the plot and its ensuing trials.
The porter goes on to say that the equivocator "yet could not equivocate to heaven" 2. The tailor Griffin became notorious and the subject of verses published with his portrait on the title page. In the words of critic Robert Crawford"Macbeth was a play for a post-Elizabethan England facing up to what it might mean to have a Scottish king. England seems comparatively benign, while its northern neighbour is mired in a bloody, monarch-killing past.
Macbeth may have been set in medieval Scotland, but it was filled with material of interest to England and England's ruler. Likewise, the critic Andrew Hadfield noted the contrast the play draws between the saintly King Edward the Confessor of England who has the power of the royal touch to cure scrofula and whose realm is portrayed as peaceful and prosperous vs. He points out that every Gunpowder Play contains "a necromancy scene, regicide attempted or completed, references to equivocation, scenes that test loyalty by use of deceptive language, and a character who sees through plots—along with a vocabulary similar to the Plot in its immediate aftermath words like train, blow, vault and an ironic recoil of the Plot upon the Plotters who fall into the pit they dug.
In one sermon inLancelot Andrewes stated, regarding the failure of the Plotters on God's day, "Be they fair or foul, glad or sad as the poet calleth Him the great Diespiter, 'the Father of days' hath made them both. In the words of Jonathan Gil Harris, the play expresses the "horror unleashed by a supposedly loyal subject who seeks to kill a king and the treasonous role of equivocation.
Even though the Plot is never alluded to directly, its presence is everywhere in the play, like a pervasive odor. Braunmuller in the New Cambridge edition finds the —06 arguments inconclusive, and argues only for an earliest date of This has been thought to allude to the Tiger, a ship that returned to England 27 June after a disastrous voyage in which many of the crew were killed by pirates.
A few lines later the witch speaks of the sailor, "He shall live a man forbid: The real ship was at sea days, the product of 7x9x9, which has been taken as a confirmation of the allusion, which if correct, confirms that the witch scenes were either written or amended later than July When thou art at thy table with thy friends, Merry in heart, and filled with swelling wine, I'll come in midst of all thy pride and mirth, Invisible to all men but thyself, And whisper such a sad tale in thine ear Shall make thee let the cup fall from thy hand, And stand as mute and pale as death itself.
Some scholars contend that the Folio text was abridged and rearranged from an earlier manuscript or prompt book. One of the movement's offshoots was in the reconstruction of Elizabethan pronunciation: In Shakespeare's day, for example, "heath" was pronounced as "heth" "or a slightly elongated 'e' as in the modern 'get'" so it rhymed with "Macbeth" in the sentences by the Witches at the beginning of the play: There to meet with Macbeth.
A scholar of antique pronunciation writes, "Heath would have made a close if not exact rhyme with the "-eth" of Macbeth, which was pronounced with a short 'i' as in 'it'.
The Witches, the play's great purveyors of rhyme, benefited most in this regard. Mostly, the actors seemed to pronounce it in a way which accords with the modern standard, but during one speech, Macbeth said 'fair'. This seems especially significant in a play determined to complicate the relationship between 'fair' and 'foul'.
I wonder, then, if the punning could be extended throughout the production. That is a step On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires.
The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. This brevity has suggested to many critics that the received version is based on a heavily cut source, perhaps a prompt-book for a particular performance. This would reflect other Shakespearean plays existing in both Quarto and the Folio, where the Quarto versions are usually longer than the Folio versions.
Bradleyin considering this question, concluded the play "always was an extremely short one", noting the witch scenes and battle scenes would have taken up some time in performance, remarking, "I do not think that, in reading, we feel Macbeth to be short: Perhaps in the Shakespearean theatre too it seemed to occupy a longer time than the clock recorded.
When he feels as if "dressed in borrowed robes", after his new title as Thane of Cawdor, prophesied by the witches, has been confirmed by Ross I, 3, ll.
And, at the end, when the tyrant is at bay at Dunsinane, Caithness sees him as a man trying in vain to fasten a large garment on him with too small a belt: As Kenneth Muir writes, "Macbeth has not a predisposition to murder; he has merely an inordinate ambition that makes murder itself seem to be a lesser evil than failure to achieve the crown.
Stoll, explain this characterisation as a holdover from Senecan or medieval tradition. Shakespeare's audience, in this view, expected villains to be wholly bad, and Senecan style, far from prohibiting a villainous protagonist, all but demanded it.
Robert Bridgesfor instance, perceived a paradox: John Dover Wilson hypothesised that Shakespeare's original text had an extra scene or scenes where husband and wife discussed their plans. The evil actions motivated by his ambition seem to trap him in a cycle of increasing evil, as Macbeth himself recognises: Pasternak argues that "neither Macbeth or Raskolnikov is a born criminal or a villain by nature.
They are turned into criminals by faulty rationalizations, by deductions from false premises. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message The disastrous consequences of Macbeth's ambition are not limited to him.
Almost from the moment of the murder, the play depicts Scotland as a land shaken by inversions of the natural order. Shakespeare may have intended a reference to the great chain of beingalthough the play's images of disorder are mostly not specific enough to support detailed intellectual readings.
He may also have intended an elaborate compliment to James's belief in the divine right of kingsalthough this hypothesis, outlined at greatest length by Henry N. Paul, is not universally accepted. As in Julius Caesarthough, perturbations in the political sphere are echoed and even amplified by events in the material world. Among the most often depicted of the inversions of the natural order is sleep.
Macbeth's announcement that he has "murdered sleep" is figuratively mirrored in Lady Macbeth's sleepwalking. Macbeth's generally accepted indebtedness to medieval tragedy is often seen as significant in the play's treatment of moral order.
Glynne Wickham connects the play, through the Porter, to a mystery play on the harrowing of hell. Howard Felperin argues that the play has a more complex attitude toward "orthodox Christian tragedy" than is often admitted; he sees a kinship between the play and the tyrant plays within the medieval liturgical drama.
The theme of androgyny is often seen as a special aspect of the theme of disorder. Inversion of normative gender roles is most famously associated with the witches and with Lady Macbeth as she appears in the first act. Whatever Shakespeare's degree of sympathy with such inversions, the play ends with a thorough return to normative gender values. Some feminist psychoanalytic critics, such as Janet Adelman, have connected the play's treatment of gender roles to its larger theme of inverted natural order.
In this light, Macbeth is punished for his violation of the moral order by being removed from the cycles of nature which are figured as female ; nature itself as embodied in the movement of Birnam Wood is part of the restoration of moral order.
As a poetic tragedy[ edit ] Critics in the early twentieth century reacted against what they saw as an excessive dependence on the study of character in criticism of the play.
This dependence, though most closely associated with Andrew Cecil Bradleyis clear as early as the time of Mary Cowden Clarkewho offered precise, if fanciful, accounts of the predramatic lives of Shakespeare's female leads. She suggested, for instance, that the child Lady Macbeth refers to in the first act died during a foolish military action.
During Shakespeare's day, witches were seen as worse than rebels, "the most notorious traytor and rebell that can be. Much of the confusion that springs from them comes from their ability to straddle the play's borders between reality and the supernatural.
They are so deeply entrenched in both worlds that it is unclear whether they control fate, or whether they are merely its agents. They defy logic, not being subject to the rules of the real world. Hover through the fog and filthy air" are often said to set the tone for the rest of the play by establishing a sense of confusion.
Indeed, the play is filled with situations where evil is depicted as good, while good is rendered evil. The line "Double, double toil and trouble," communicates the witches' intent clearly: While the witches do not tell Macbeth directly to kill King Duncan, they use a subtle form of temptation when they tell Macbeth that he is destined to be king. By placing this thought in his mind, they effectively guide him on the path to his own destruction.
This follows the pattern of temptation used at the time of Shakespeare. First, they argued, a thought is put in a man's mind, then the person may either indulge in the thought or reject it. Macbeth indulges in it, while Banquo rejects. No matter how one looks at it, whether as history or as tragedy, Macbeth is distinctively Christian. One may simply count the Biblical allusions as Richmond Noble has done; one may go further and study the parallels between Shakespeare's story and the Old Testament stories of Saul and Jezebel as Miss Jane H.
Jack has done; or one may examine with W. Curry the progressive degeneration of Macbeth from the point of view of medieval theology. The Scottish Play While many today would say that any misfortune surrounding a production is mere coincidence, actors and others in the theatre industry often consider it bad luck to mention Macbeth by name while inside a theatre, and sometimes refer to it indirectly, for example as " The Scottish Play ",  or "MacBee", or when referring to the character and not the play, "Mr.