relationship between chemistry and medical technology? | Yahoo Answers
There is chemistry, microbiology, hematology, urinalysis, blood banking, cytology , histology. The medical technologist is trained in all of them. What is the relation between chemistry and medicine? 4, Views How can one figure out if one is suited to studying medicine? How important is organic. That a close relationship between chemistry and medicine exists is clear to chemistry is not yet a part of the average liberally educated man's equipment.
A medical technologist working in the chemistry department will tell the doctor many things. For example, how much sugar is in the patient's blood, how much protein is in the patient's urine, or whether or not the patient has a tumor.
Much of the testing in chemistry is done on automated analyzers. Chemistry is possibly the largest and most rapidly changing area of the laboratory because of the variety of automation available. Methods used in chemistry include things like electrophoresis, spectrophotometry, nephelometry, immunoassays and electrochemistry. It's a mouthful, but that's why medical technologists have to be educated! Blood Banking A medical technologist in blood banks must be especially accurate and organized.
Lab tech or Chemist? - Chromatography Forum
Blood bankers type blood and match it to donor units of blood for transfusions. A mistake in blood bank can be very dangerous, because if a medical technologist gives the wrong type of donor blood, it can be fatal. Everyone has different antibodies in their blood, which can react against blood types other than their own.
Most people are type O. Other blood types include A, B and AB. In addition to ABO types, everyone has an Rh typing.
You can be either Rh positive or Rh negative. Rh types are important in transfusions as well as pregnancy. An Rh positive baby may become sick or even die if the mother is Rh negative. The medical technologist plays an important role in preventing these problems.
The technologist can type the mother and determine if she needs a drug known as Rhogam, which can prevent the problems with the baby. Urinalysis One of the oldest diagnostic procedures in the laboratory is the analysis of urine. Urine is considered to be a fluid made of the waste materials of the blood.
The Relationship between Chemical Reactions and Health
Urine is made in the kidneys, stored in the bladder, and excreted by way of the urethra. An adult's kidney can filter over one liter of blood every minute. Most of this is returned to the circulation, and only one liter of urine is made in the course of a whole day.
Tests of urine can determine a lot of things about the health status of an individual. Electrolyte imbalance, kidney damage, urinary tract infection and diabetes are just a few of the problems that can be found in urinalysis. A medical technologist in urinalysis looks at the physical properties of the urine, such as color and clarity.
They also look at the chemical composition of the urine. This usually involves tests for blood, protein, glucose, and white blood cells. Finally, the technologist looks at the urine under a microscope and looks for crystals, bacteria, and blood cells that are not supposed to be in the urine. Hematology and Coagulation Hematology is the study of blood. The medical technologist in hematology looks at blood under a microscope and tells the doctor what type of white blood cells are present and in what numbers.
They also use a cell counter, which is a big instrument that will count the cells for the technologist and can even tell the different types apart. The technologist also measures how much of the blood is red blood cells versus plasma the fluid part of the blood.
What Is A Medical Technologist? — Medical Technology
This test is called a Hematocrit. Technologists measure how much hemoglobin is present in the blood, too. June 1, Everything you think, say or do is the result of a chemical reaction. Elucidating the basis of these chemical reactions is fundamental to understanding physiologic health and well-being and pathophysiologic disease conditions.
The field of Clinical Chemistry explores the biochemistry of these relationships to facilitate a healthy life-style as well as identify disease states, monitor therapy and better predict survival.
To achieve these goals, we test. Understandably, chemical relationships are clinically complex, requiring continuous improvement in test development, test methods and test systems.
Identification of novel biochemical markers that specifically reflect disease state is critically important. Once identified, unique chemical methods and sophisticated test instruments may be required for their measurement. These diagnostic tools provide the framework for medical care. As such, they must be highly reliable, accessible and affordable to be of general use for the public at large. As our population ages, chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, obesity and cancer become more prevalent and consume a disproportionate share of the healthcare dollars annually spent worldwide.
Fortunately, these diseases become more preventable and treatable as medicine evolves through better understanding these complex biochemical relationships.
Research into clinical chemistry address these health concerns along the spectrum of prevention diet and nutrientsearly diagnosis genomics, proteomics and mass spectrometry and treatment circulating tumor cells and cell-free DNA. Diet and nutrition are essential elements in disease prevention.