Relationship between economic growth and environmental protection

Relationship Between Environment and Economic Growth

relationship between economic growth and environmental protection

The relationship between environment and economic growth currently is and may continue Others assume that environmental protection is partially effective. Jun 16, When it comes to economic growth these days, people often point out that it must be sustainable or "green growth. Germany and Turkey - A difficult relationship "Environmental protection as a priority stems from affluence," Paque said. " The huge disparities, for instance between Africa and Europe. Oct 31, Journal of Environmental Protection, , 7, . between long-term economic growth and environmental pollution. • Keeler, Spence.

But not Karl-Heinz Paque. For centuries, Europeans fostered their own economic growth and wealth, before discovering their heart for environmental protection. In China, it's only just beginning, and it will take a little longer in India.

Environmental Econ: Crash Course Economics #22

Across the world, coal - the energy source that in most European countries has a reputation as being particularly dirty - is booming. In the s, many countries substituted coal with gas. But this trend is now being reversed, since coal has become "incredibly competitive," Edenhofer said.

Attempts to limit greenhouse gas emissions internationally have been unsuccesfull "Above all, China's economic growth is strongly powered by cheap coal.

Economic development and environmental protection: an ecological economics perspective.

When coal or other fossil fuels are burned, CO2 is emitted, polluting the atmosphere - and contributing to making climate change more likely. But negotiations towards a new international agreement on climate protection have been a failure.

Whether it's about limiting greenhouse gas emissions or agreeing on emission rights trading, the interests of the various countries are simply too different. That, in turn constitutes a problem for countries with large fossil fuel resources.

Economic development and environmental protection: an ecological economics perspective.

Since new oil and gas fields were discovered in Kenya, and Canada found ways to make tar sands exploitation more lucrative, these countries have practically lost interest in a achieving climate agreement; Any limitation to pollution would reduce the value of their resources.

For that purpose, reduction in population growth will greatly help in easing the intensification of many environmental problems. Poverty in developing countries is also said to be responsible for environmental degradation. Poor people rely on natural resources more than the rich. For survival the rural poor are forced to cut forests for timber and fuel as well as graze animals on pasture lands more than the reproductive capacity of these natural resources.

Besides, when the cultivable land becomes short relative to population, the poor are forced to make their subsistence by cultivating fragile land on hills and mountains resulting in soil erosion on a large scale. It is in such environment that poverty becomes a vicious circle.

Poverty leads to land degradation and land degradation accelerates the process of impoverishment because the poor people depend directly on exploitation of natural resources on which property rights are not properly assigned. Thus, though a large number of poor people earn a good deal of their livelihood from the un-marketed natural resources such as common grazing lands, forests from where food, fuel and building materials are gathered by them, the degradation and loss of such resources may harm the poor and result in perpetuation of their poverty.

Thus, as mentioned above, in the use of natural resources by the poor, the vicious circle of poverty operates. It is important to note that the poorest in our society will suffer most if we use our resources unsustainably as their lives and livelihood depend very directly on water, land, seas and forests. This requires sound environment policies which attempt to conserve the natural resources and help the poor to use them properly so that forest cover is not destroyed, land is not degraded through soil erosion and its fertility is maintained.

relationship between economic growth and environmental protection

With growing population the poor encroach upon large remote areas of forests and grasslands to make their livelihood. If there are strict regulations to prevent such encroachment, it is opposed with stiff resistance by the poor, especially in the tribal areas. The solution to the poverty problem of these teeming millions lies in land reforms, generation of more employment opportunities and improvement in productivity of arable land already in use, for example, shifting the poor from poor resource-based to modern science-based agriculture.

This is what has been sought to be achieved through green revolution technology. However, the green revolution has also been criticised for environmental reasons, especially the use of fertilizers and pesticides that increase soil salinity.

Besides, ample use of irrigation in green revolution technology without adequate drainage facilities results in soil degradation through salinity and water logging. Adequate and appropriate steps should be taken to make the green revolution technology clean and environment-friendly.

There can be no two opinions that major efforts must be made to overcome these defects through development of less poisonous chemicals, pest and insect control with reduced chemical application and improved drainage facilities. However, if the efforts to develop modern technology were abandoned because of these defects, employment and income-earning opportunities for marginal farmers and agricultural labourer would continue to be reduced under population pressure.

As a result, many would be forced to push cultivation frontiers into ecologically fragile lands resulting in increased incidence of food and soil erosion. It is important to note that the environment representing forests, mines, sources of water, land that provides employment and livelihood to the poor people, especially those living in the tribal regions and it is they who in India are opposing the various development projects, even those cleared by the government.

Economic Development and Environmental Protection

Sunita Narain, a noted environmentalist, rightly writes. It is people, often the poorest, saying these projects will devastate their environment, their forests, which is their source of water, land and livelihood. They are saying, we are poor, but your development will make us poorer. The environmental movement of the country is being led from the bottom today.

It is not in the hands of middle-class environmentalists like me. How are business firms concerned with this environmental issue?

relationship between economic growth and environmental protection

The business firms are related to the natural environment in two ways. First, they require natural resources such as land for setting up industriesenergy sources coal, petroleum, gas—the natural productswood and water for their production work.

In the present state of technological development, the modern industries do not depend on the natural resources to the extent the industries depended on them in the early stages of industrial development in the nineteenth century. Nevertheless, they require land for setting up industrial plants and consume energy from fossil fuels-the natural sources.

relationship between economic growth and environmental protection

On the other hand, production in industries leads to degradation and pollution of environment. It is now well-known that industries and vehicular traffic in the urban areas are great polluter of air and water which cause heavy damage to the health of the people which represents social cost imposed on the society. Because of these adverse effects, the industries which pollute air and water need to be regulated to prevent them from causing heavy damage to the health of the people.

Bhopal gas tragedy is prime example of polluting industries in the urban areas which pose threat to the life and health of the people.

Economic growth vs. environmental protection

In Bhopal thousands of people died and thousands others suffered severe damage to their health as a result of leakage of gas from pesticides producing industrial unit owned by an MNC Union Carbide Ltd. Again, in Delhi, the capital of India, where thousands of small industrial units were located in the congested residential areas against Master Plan and environment law.

It was due to tough stand taken by High Court and Supreme Court that a good number of them have been relocated at the periphery of Delhi where proper infrastructure for prevention of pollution has been created.