Parent-Child Relationships - baby, Definition, Description
Parents also contact our helplines with worries about their children's friends, relationships and sexual health issues. Being the parent of a teenager isn't always. The relationship between children and their parents or caregivers (such as guardians, aunts and uncles, or grandparents) is one of the most important. This involves the dynamic and complex patterns of sensitive mutual understandings and interactions between children and their parents.
Biological parents and children share genetic material, while adoptive parents and children usually do not. Adoptive parent-child relationship are most often legal agreements that form a permanent parent-child relationship. The relationship between parents and their children is important to consider when discussing physical, cognitive, and social development in children.
Parent-Child Relationship Theories Theorists in developmental psychology examine the parent-child relationship as an important tool in understanding how individuals develop over time. Sigmund Freud believed that adult development was largely defined by the relationships that children share with their parents.
For example, if an adult female struggles in intimate relationships with males, Freud probably would have blamed it on an unhealthy relationship with her father. Similarly, Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development proposes that infants who have caregivers meeting their basic needs will grow into trusting adults, but infants whose needs are not met will develop feelings of mistrust in future relationships.
Other important theories on relationships between children and parents focus on parents as teachers.
Parent-Child Relationships: Definition & Explanation
In other words, we are taught how to behave and relate to others through our relationships with our parents. Lev Vygotsky viewed parents as masters and the child as an apprentice in learning. Albert Bandura's social learning theory likened parents to models who demonstrate behavior that children then copy.
For example, if we are hugged by our parents and see our parents being physically affectionate toward others, Bandura's theory would assume that we would become huggers too.
Parenting Styles In an effort to better understand the parent-child relationship, Diana Baumrind performed research that focused on the parents. She came up with three distinct styles of parenting: Authoritarian parents might be compared to dictators, because they are very strict and make the rules without regard for the child's needs or feelings. It is their way or the highway. After this stage is the toddler stage.
- Ideal Relationship Between Parents and Children
The parents now change from caretakers and nurturers to teachers also. During the school years, the children will slowly start moving with peers. This is not to be noted as a negative impact on their relationship.
The parent child connection continues to develop the child throughout this stage. Next is the most important stage which parents normally find it difficult to handle. It is the stage were the child matures emotionally, mentally and biologically.Parent-child relationship
There may be many misunderstandings and arguments between the parents and children at this stage. Children will like to be independent and will want to be left alone. This is their normal nature. Parents should always encourage and show affection to their children no matter what.
The Complex Relationships Between Parents and Children
Authoritative parenting that combines love and firmness is the key to tackling adolescents. However it has been seen that children become more close to their parents after this stage.
Parents should not fear or get angry while handling children. Discipline must be taught in a proper way and must not be confused with punishment. Children are like a mirror of their parents.
If the children are advised to follow a certain principle, the parents must make sure that they follow it first.