Poverty in Tanzania - Wikipedia
Determinants of Inequality between Dar es Salaam and the Other Regions 57 . Table II.6 Relationship to the Head of the Household . Figure ES.7 Distribution of the Poor Population by Geographic Area. The population growth rate is estimated at %, one of the highest in Africa, . The Government recognized the relationship between population dynamics and . There is little debate about the causal relationship between rising prosperity and .. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the $ a day poverty rate has shown no sustained.
These policies focus poverty alleviation through building up national infrastructure, production capabilities, creating employment opportunities, increasing governmental accountability, and by improving upon quality of life metrics.
As of Tanzania has been enjoying stable peace even before independence due to the fact that there are more than ethnic tribes ;  Kiswahili as national language that was reinforced during Mwalimu Julius K.
Nyerere administration ; and abolishment of chiefdoms in the country immediately after independence which existed in every tribe. Despite this precious opportunity of stable peacethe economic condition failed to improve as compared to RwandaMozambiqueand Angola which have passed through civil wars for many years, but their economies are picking up.
Population, poverty and economic development
Financial and technical support from international organizations[ edit ] Developed countries together with International Financial Institutions have spent billions of US dollars in capacitating the government systems to bring development for many decades, but instead of poverty being decreased, it is increasing.
Despite the observed initiatives, the economy is still insufficient to provide the impetus for the poverty eradication.
The mentality of donor-led project is widespread from national to village level — there are several projects that could be accomplished by using locally available resources, for example potable water wells, small irrigation schemes, health structures, school building et cetera, but they have remained unimplemented awaiting for external donor assistance. The well known economic indicators such as GNP and GDP always show that the economy is growing, but in actual sense they do not show how wealth is distributed to the majority.
During the early s, International Financial Institutions including International Monetary Fund advised Tanzania to do retrenchment and stop employment even in the key sectors, such as educationhealth and agriculture as a precondition for financial assistance; as a result the economy paralyzed, and now it has a long walk towards achieving socio-economic improvement.
General elections[ edit ] Political crises in many developing countriesincluding Tanzaniaoccur immediately after general election. In Tanzania, after the General Election there aroused conflicts which, fortunately, did not turn into a crisis.
Population and Poverty: New Views on an Old Controversy
The increase in GDP per person was So we need to dig a little deeper to see what is going on. Our research shows that one of the reasons why rapid growth has not had a larger impact on poverty is that the rise in household consumption has not been equally shared Atkinson and Lugo However, this may not be obvious if you use a relative measure of inequality, as some have done.
However we argue that if we are concerned with the impact of distribution on poverty reduction, then it is more appropriate to use an absolute inequality measure. This means that a situation where inequality is stable would be one where all consumption levels rise by the same absolute amount and where the cost of inequality is measured in absolute not proportionate terms.
Taking an absolute approach highlights that inequality in Tanzania has grown substantially and that greater poverty reduction could have been achieved if the absolute increases in real income had been more evenly spread. For example Figure 1 shows that the bottom two poorest groups — largely consisting of those below the poverty line — had, on average, virtually no growth in per capita consumption.
Measuring growth and poverty in Tanzania - IGC
In contrast, the gain for the richest fifth of society is three times the amount that would have been generated by an equal absolute increase in all consumption levels. Absolute increases in per capita consumption by quintile groups There are also limitations in the definition of total consumption. There is, for example, a large difference between the average rise in per capita consumption shown by the household surveys and the rise in per capita household consumption recorded in the national accounts between and We can explain some of this by looking at the constant price national accounts for Tanzania mainland in This highlights a key issue — the change in relative prices.
This means that the increase in the deflator for household consumption was 10 percentage points less than that for GDP as a whole.