Janmashtami : The Lesser Known Story Behind Lord Krishna’s Birth
Learn about the Hindu celebration of Krishna Janmashtami and find out when Blue-skinned Krishna is both an avatar of Vishnu, Hinduism's. Krishna is perceived by most Hindus to be an avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu, who is regarded as the highest avatar. It is believed that all other. So in Essence we can say that there is no difference in Krishna Vishnu or Rama but beware of iskconites manipulators they have started even discriminating.
For example, Archer states that the coincidence of the two names appearing together in the same Upanishad verse cannot be dismissed easily. This text is now lost to history, but was quoted in secondary literature by later Greeks such as ArrianDiodorusand Strabo. According to Edwin Bryanta professor of Indian religions known for his publications on Krishna, "there is little doubt that the Sourasenoi refers to the Shurasenas, a branch of the Yadu dynasty to which Krishna belonged". Later, when Alexander the Great launched his campaign in the northwest Indian subcontinenthis associates recalled that the soldiers of Porus were carrying an image of Herakles.
These texts have many peculiarities and may be a garbled and confused version of the Krishna legends. This inclusion of Krishna-related legends in ancient Buddhist and Jaina literature suggests that Krishna theology was existent and important in the religious landscape observed by non-Hindu traditions of ancient India.
The inscription states that Heliodorus is a Bhagvatena, and a couplet in the inscription closely paraphrases a Sanskrit verse from the Mahabharata.
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Its inscription is a dedication to "Vasudeva", another name for Krishna in the Indian tradition. Scholars consider the "Vasudeva" to be referring to a deity, because the inscription states that it was constructed by "the Bhagavata Heliodorus" and that it is a "Garuda pillar" both are Vishnu-Krishna-related terms.
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These four inscriptions are notable for being some of the oldest-known Sanskrit inscriptions. Balarama, Krishna, PradyumnaAniruddhaand Samba. Two Puranas, the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Puranacontain the most elaborate telling of Krishna's story,  but the life stories of Krishna in these and other texts vary, and contain significant inconsistencies.
The scenes from the narrative are set in ancient Indiamostly in the present states of Uttar PradeshBiharRajasthanHaryanaDelhiand Gujarat. At Devaki's wedding, according to Puranic legends, Kansa is told by fortune tellers that a child of Devaki would kill him.
Kansa arranges to kill all of Devaki's children. When Krishna is born, Vasudeva secretly carries the infant Krishna away across the Yamuna and exchanges him. When Kansa tries to kill the newborn, the exchanged baby appears as the Hindu goddess Durgawarning him that his death has arrived in his kingdom, and then disappears, according to the legends in the Puranas.
Krishna grows up with Nanda Baba and his wife Yasoda near modern-day Mathura. Childhood and youth[ edit ] Krishna playing flute 15th-century artwork. Portrait of Lord Krishna meditating in the Padmasana posture.
The legends of Krishna's childhood and youth describe him as a cow herder, a mischievous boy whose pranks earns him the nickname a Makhan Chor butter thiefand a protector who steals the hearts of the people in both Gokul and Vrindavana.
The texts state, for example, that Krishna lifts the Govardhana hill to protect the inhabitants of Vrindavana from devastating rains and floods. These metaphor-filled love stories are known as the Rasa lila and were romanticised in the poetry of Jayadevaauthor of the Gita Govinda. They are also central to the development of the Krishna bhakti traditions worshiping Radha Krishna.
His interaction with the gopis at the rasa dance or Rasa-lila is an example. Krishna plays his flute and the gopis come immediately, from whatever they were doing, to the banks of the Yamuna Riverand join him in singing and dancing. Even those who could not physically be there join him through meditation.
Even when he is battling with a serpent to protect others, he is described in Hindu texts as if he were playing a game.
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Krishna legends then describe his return to Mathura. He overthrows and kills the tyrant king, his uncle Kansa after quelling several assassination attempts by Kansa. He reinstates Kansa's father, Ugrasenaas the king of the Yadavas and becomes a leading prince at the court.
Krishna befriends Arjuna and the other Pandava princes of the Kuru kingdom. The Pandavas chose the former, and Krishna thus served as charioteer for Arjunaone of the Pandava brothers.
As the god sat in the forest lamenting, a huntsman, mistaking him for a deer, shot him in his one vulnerable spot, the heel, killing him. Vasudeva-Krishna was deified by the 5th century bce. The cowherd Krishna was probably the god of a pastoral community.
The Krishna who emerged from the blending of these figures was ultimately identified with the supreme god Vishnu-Narayana and, hence, considered his avatar. His worship preserved distinctive traits, chief among them an exploration of the analogies between divine love and human love.
The child Krishna Balakrishna is depicted crawling on his hands and knees or dancing with joy, a ball of butter held in his hands. The divine lover—the most common representation—is shown playing the flute, surrounded by adoring gopis.
In 17th- and 18th-century Rajasthani and Pahari paintingKrishna is characteristically depicted with blue-black skin, wearing a yellow dhoti loincloth and a crown of peacock feathers. Krishna playing the fluteKrishna playing the flute, stone sculpture from Tamil Nadu, India, Chola period, 11th—12th century; in the Honolulu Academy of Arts.