The novel called 'Great Expectations' written by Charles Dickens, uses a very The Relationship Between Pip and Abel Magwitch in Charles Dickens' Great. Comment on how Pip thinks about the convict at different points in the novel. Abel Magwitch is one of Dickens' greatest The connections among the characters begin before the. The interplay of the characters in Great Expectations achieves the global reading; the Pip-Magwitch interrelation is pervaded by ethic and social overtones.
It eventually becomes clear that Magwitch: Although he terrifies Pip when he is a boy, Magwitch grows to love Pip as his own son and tries to help him to become a gentleman later in life.
Pip also comes to love and respect the older Magwitch. How is Magwitch like this? Evidence Analysis Threatening Magwitch has had a brutal life and had to fight for everything. He threatens Pip on the marshes and Herbert when he returns to London unexpectedly. He physically attacks Compeyson to prevent his escape. He is an escaped convict, desperate to avoid capture and will say and do anything to keep his freedom.
The scene takes place in a graveyard which adds to the sinister feeling. Seeks revenge Magwitch wants revenge on Compeyson, his partner in crime who betrayed him. He also seeks revenge on society in general for treating him harshly and unfairly.
I not only prevented him getting off the marshes, but I dragged him here — dragged him this far on his way back. Honourable Although he is a criminal, Magwitch helps those who help him and tries to avoid getting innocent people into trouble. He also admits to the crimes he has committed. So he nobly takes the blame upon himself. Determined Magwitch shows that given the right opportunities in life, he could be a productive and useful member of society.
He also carries through any plans which he makes. But I held to it, and the harder it was, the stronger I held, for I was determined, and my mind firm made up. At last I done it. Dear boy, I done it! Magwitch's greatest wish is to see Pip as a gentleman and he will let nothing stand in the way of that. Fatherly Although he is a hardened criminal, Magwitch has a tender heart and becomes increasingly affectionate towards Pip.
The loss of his daughter Estella at an early age obviously hurt him deeply. What is the effect of this phrase being written by Biddy in her letter in Chapter 27, and again in Joe's note to Pip in this chapter? Explain how "what larks" becomes a catchphrase, almost, for Joe's and Pip's friendship. Comment on the similarity between the earlier description of Pip at the start of the novel and the description of his younger namesake here. Back to top Pip's relationship with Joe in all these passages: Show how Pip and Joe begin as the best of friends, how this relationship is affected by Pip's wealth, and how it is restored when he loses his money.
Pip, early in the novel, decides Joe is not very intelligent, as he cannot teach him to read. Later, though, Biddy does teach him. What does this show the reader.
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Some readers think the portrayal of Joe is over-sentimental. What is your view of him? Some background on Joe Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! While it suits the plot for Pip's protector to be a blacksmith he has the means to remove the convict's leg-iron it also seems a fitting occupation for the man Dickens depicts. The job is hard and requires skill, yet no formal learning, so Joe seems a fool to those around him. We forgive the child, Pip, for doing this. But others - Mrs.
Joe and Pumblechook - both patronize Joe and ignore him. Miss Havisham, a shrewder judge, seems to see what Joe is really like, in spite of his awkwardness, when she signs Pip's indentures i. Joe becomes self-conscious and tongue-tied in unfamiliar surroundings, yet can speak well. This does not appear in the clumsy rhyme of his intended epitaph for his father "Whatsume'er the failings on his part, Remember reader he were that good in his hart".
Joe is more eloquent when he says of his blacksmith father: Joe's plain speaking often exposes others' false standards, as when he says of Pip's house in London, that he "wouldn't keep a pig in it", at least not if he wanted "a meller mellow flavour" in the pork. Joe appears to be a poor scholar, but Biddy's patience succeeds where Pip has failed, and he learns to read and write.
The physical strength of blacksmiths is proverbial and Joe illustrates this well. Orlick, himself a big man, is knocked down by Joe "as if he had been of no more account than the pale young gentleman" Herbert, when youngerand Pip knows of no-one who could stand up long against Joe, although Joe is not at all aggressive.
Joe is typically a gentle giant. He does what he can to protect Pip from "Tickler" Mrs. Joe's stickbut sees that too much interference will lead to more trouble later. Back to top The reader is amused by the picture of Mrs. Joe's constant assaults upon this great man, who never retaliates, for fear of becoming like his bullying father.
Joe's great size is almost a metaphor for his moral stature. He knows what he can do well in life his job and sees what is wrong with Pip's fantasy existence in London long before Pip does.
Though Joe tells Pip he will never see him again out of his forge and his working-clothes, he is man enough to go once more to London when Pip is ill and in danger of prison.
His money, earned by honest toil, pays off the immediate debt. Joe wants no thanks and is embarrassed when Pip refers to it: Both the older Pip who tells the story and Biddy, at the time of the events narrated, point the reader to Joe's virtues.
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There are touches of sentimentality in the depiction of this honest, simple but deep character; but they are only touches, and Pip, aware of his earlier ingratitude to Joe, can be excused for indulging them. The portrayal of Joe is convincing and very moving.
We are not sure about his father, but Joe is certainly "good in his hart".
Exploring Pip's relationship with Magwitch Read chapters39, and 56; if you want to know more about Magwitch, click here. Comment on how caring for the convict helps cure Pip of his snobbery. Does Dickens think all criminals are bad? Comment on Dickens' view of those convicted of crime and of the legal system and powerful people who pass judgement on them. Comment on the effect of Pip's discovery of the source of his wealth.
Note that this comes at the end of the second of the novel's three parts - very late in the narrative. Comment on the ways in which Dickens gains the reader's sympathy for those on trial. Comment on Dickens' use of dialogue in the chapters in which Magwitch appears. Explain the ironic effect of Pip's quoting without speech marks the judge's exact words in his passing sentence - does Dickens want the reader really to accept the judge's views?
Explain Magwitch's sense of irony in his words to the judge Chapter Comment on the symbolism Chapter 56 of the "broad shaft of light" dividing the judge from those being sentenced.
Explain how Dickens uses biblical language and allusion reference in Chapter 56, to suggest that man's judgement is not the same as God's. Pip refers to a parable in St. Luke's gospel Luke Magwitch's Christian name mentioned only six times in the novel is Abel. In the book of Genesis Adam has two sons, Cain and Abel. Like the biblical Abel, Magwitch keeps sheep; like Abel, whom Cain murders, Magwitch is the victim of someone close to him.
Some background on Magwitch Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! Abel Magwitch is one of Dickens' greatest inventions in this novel - he leaps out at the reader at the start, haunts Pip as he grows up, and returns to explode his illusions.
He is intimately linked with other characters in the novel, and does not realize this himself. Dickens uses Magwitch and his daughter, Estella, to show that social class is an artificial creation of man, and that we are all equal in truth and in the sight of God. Magwitch is thematically linked with Estella from the start. Pip's horror of Magwitch is often expressed as a fear of what Estella would think if he knew Pip had helped him.
Repeatedly, convicts, the courts or reminders of Magwitch appear in scenes in which Estella is present. Magwitch is also contrasted with Miss Havisham. Pip supposes her to be his benefactress and hopes that she is since Estella may also be included in her design when in reality his money comes from Magwitch.
The connections among the characters begin before the start of the narrative. Compeyson, a "gentleman" in terms of social class befriends Miss Havisham's brother, Arthur, and later takes on Magwitch as his helper. When the Havishams disinherit Arthur, Compeyson helps him be revenged - although married, he poses as a suitor, and jilts Miss Havisham on her wedding day.
Soon after, he is arrested for his various frauds, along with Magwitch, whom he blames for allegedly leading him into crime. The reverse is the truth, but Compeyson is believed because of his smooth manners. When Magwitch's common-law wife, Molly, kills a rival and is acquitted through the skill of her lawyer, Mr.
Jaggers, she is persuaded to give up her child for adoption, as another client of his, Miss Havisham, wants to adopt a baby girl. Magwitch, now convicted, is told that the child was born dead. At the start of the novel, Magwitch escapes from the hulks old warships used as prisons but finds that Compeyson has escaped, too.
He lets himself be caught in order to return his enemy to prison. He threatens Pip, he does him no harm; when recaptured he saves Pip from trouble by admitting to the theft of some food from the forge. As soon as he has any money to give, he sends it to Pip in the village - years later Pip overhears a convict on the roof of a coach tell how he delivered this money. Back to top For attempting escape, Magwitch is transported to Australia. When he has served his time he can make a new life there, but if he returns to England, he faces the death sentence.
In fact, this did not happen at the time in which the novel is set - the offence [returning from transport] was on the statute books untilbut the last hanging of a returned transport took place in The reader learns this later from Magwitch himself Chapter He farms sheep, lives cheaply and saves his money. When he has saved a fair amount he communicates with Mr. Jaggers, who acts as his agent and becomes Pip's guardian and adviser. Pip assumes that Miss Havisham is the source of his wealth.
Jaggers sees this but will not tell Pip the truth, as it helps him conceal Jaggers' real identity. In time, Magwitch returns, as he is desperate to see how his "boy" has done. He likes what he sees and does not notice Pip's initial disgust. He rather admires Pip's snobbery. In England, Magwitch goes under the alias of Provis, posing as Pip's uncle - Jaggers insists that Pip does not tell him the truth, as to know this would make him, a lawyer, an accessory to Magwitch's crime of returning.
Pip gradually becomes fond of Magwitch, as he tries to smuggle him out of London. They are being watched by Compeyson who is terrified of Magwitch, and betrayed as they are about to board a steamer for Hamburg.
In the struggle that follows Compeyson is drowned.
Magwitch is found guilty of returning, and sentenced to death, but is dying anyway. Pip nurses him and comes to love him; before he dies, Pip tells Magwitch that his daughter is alive, a great lady and that he Pip loves her. Magwitch is a criminal but he is led into crime by Compeyson.
The snobbish Pip would rather his fortune came from Miss Havisham's unearned inheritance than Magwitch's hard work in Australia. Dickens shows, in the character of Magwitch, how many so-called criminals are basically good people, how the crimes of a "gentleman" like Compeyson a swindler are far more harmful in their consequences, and how the legal system enables the rich to oppress the poor.
Summary of Great Expectations Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! This section contains an outline of the plot of Great Expectations. If you read the novel this may help you recall or revise its content. If you have not yet read the novel, this summary may spoil your pleasure by revealing what the author hides until the end - do not read it unless you are ready for this! Great Expectations is written in three parts of nineteen or twenty chapters each 59 chapters in all.
In the first part, the narrator and chief character Pip Philip Pirrip meets an escaped convict who terrifies him into stealing food and a file, to remove his leg iron. Pip, an orphan lives in the Kent marshes with his bullying sister and her husband, Joe Gargery a gentle giant of a blacksmith.
Pip takes food to the convict, but when he learns of another convict who has escaped, the first convict makes sure both are recaptured. We learn much later that the convict was transported to Australia. Later Pip is invited to the house of Miss Havisham, heiress to a brewery. She was jilted on her wedding day, but still wears her wedding dress, while the wedding feast has been left in her house.
She lives with her ward, Estella, whose background is a mystery, but who has been brought up as a member of high society, and taught by Miss Havisham to be cruel to men.