India china current relationship interview

Current Affairs - INDIA-CHINA RELATIONSHIP

india china current relationship interview

Latest india china relations News, Photos, Blogposts, Videos and Wallpapers. Explore india china relations profile at Times of India. China and India, the two most populous countries in the world and Asia's But in recent years there have been attempts to mend and. The China-India relationship stands at a crossroads. growing militarization in recent years, a destabilizing competition to build infrastructure.

China and India often join forces when it comes to oppose demands from western, developed countries.

india china current relationship interview

In climate policy, China and India signed a five year agreement in October to jointly fight climate change and to negotiate international climate deals using common positions.

This agreement was made prior to the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December China and India together, both members of G20, consistently argue that developing countries should not be required to set and meet the same targets for reducing greenhouse gases as developed countries who carry a greater historical responsibility for the increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases.

This was unacceptable for China and India, as they saw this as an attempt by Western powers to undermine their fast economic development. They rejected calls by developed nations to set legally binding targets, and both countries signed a modified Copenhagen Accord afterward in March On the economic arena China and India together did not consent to a bilateral Free Trade Agreement FTA yet because of fears of the Indian industry that it would not be be able to compete with cheap Chinese imports.

China backed India's stand. Although this mutual support drew widespread criticism from not only developed countries but also from Brazil, the joint position of the two neighbouring countries has continued ever since. Whalley and Shekhar Tanmaya China and India tried to keep each other out of their respective denominations to contain greater regional influence by the other.

Pakistan follows a similar strategy against its stronger foe India by trying to internationalize the Kashmir issue while India tries to argue that Kashmir is solely an internal or at the most bilateral issue.

But still, understanding in the multilateral field has not improved bilateral relations: Kondapalli condemns this doctrine strongly: The result is that we have not seen the crucial bilateral problems being resolved. This kind of activities makes India suspicious. So we see, that the multilateral cooperation has not impacted the bilateral relations. With the result that there is mutual distrust. Lack of scholars and people who can understand the other side For building up trust, understanding and knowledge is very important — in everyday life as in international relations.

As regards China, India's knowledge about the neighbouring country and one of the great powers of the current world order is appallingly low, as shown by the small number of scholars and experts on China. Kondapalli estimates that the number of Chinese experts in India does not surpass the number of Most of them have their academic background from other fields, such as American or Russian Studies, and shifted their expertise to China later on, after China moved more into the global spotlight.

For a country like India which has unresolved border issues with China and went to war because of this inthe lack of capacity to deal with China is astonishing. It remains difficult to understand why a hostile conflict in the past and greater business interests nowadays have not more increased the demand for people who can understand the other side.

In the governments of both countries signed a Cultural Exchange Program. As part of this agreement every year 28 Indian students were invited to China and 28 Chinese students were send to India. Students could be from any subject and could attend any university. Kondapalli went to China to learn Chinese in What happens when you learn a language and start to understand the other side is best described in Prof.

Cooperation without trust: India-China relations today

And it was amazing. But after the to language training you are kind of charged up, you can jump around and you can talk to people. Kondapallis time as a researcher in Yan'an shows: I generally had my food in a restaurant outside the city. One day the hotel owner asked me where I was from. As I answered that I was from India, he told me that he participated in the war. So, he showed me some guns he owned from that time.

That was my first incident where I met somebody from China with a connection to the war. But, he did not do that to offend me, he just wanted to show that he had some link to India. After we have talked, he cooked dog meat for me, as a special treat. That was the first time I ever ate dog, and probably the last time laughing.

She might represent a changing attitude among the public and scholars towards China — an attitude more open minded and less affected by the Indian experience of defeat in the war. The post liberalization generation of Indians is driven more by practical economic interests and, for those who can afford it economically, by a growing curiosity for deepening knowledge about other cultures and countries. China is emerging as an affordable and popular place for aspiring India doctors.

india china current relationship interview

Since 60 to Indian students are placed in Chinese medical colleges each year in order to pursue their MBBS, and the numbers will grow further Bhattacharyya The delegation consisted of women leaders like Jyotsna Chatterji, environmentalist like Avanti Metha, journalists and political leaders. Ms Bhavna Singh and the Indian delegation, as representatives of education, politics and NGOs from a democratic country with civic liberties, realized that there is much to learn from the Chinese government-organized NGOs.

First of all, in her view, the manner of operation is superior compared to India. The Chinese get a lot of funding from governmental and non- governmental sources. In that sense they have a lot of capacity. But it is not only the money.

At the implementation level, even though India also has a quite a lot of capacity, India's organizations perform very weakly compared to China. That might not only be because of the bureaucratic hurdles faced by Indian NGOs. Indian NGOs are most of the times totally independent from government and business bodies. If an organization wants to implement an agenda it has to follow a sometimes frustrating process of consensus building with different political, business and social interest groups.

In China, the organisational and management structure is different.

india china current relationship interview

In China, consensus does not emerge as a process of conflict resolution from the bottom, but instead is reached by following the guidelines of the party or government policies. That's why in China, the agenda of NGOs is most of the times already conform with government policies, so that the process of implementation doesn't meet many obstacles.

Time for a sea change in India–China relations? | East Asia Forum

They have already put forward a request to government officials to start such cooperation. But there is a structural problem the Chinese have to face if they want to make such initiatives work: So they have to go to every NGO individually and ask for some kind of cooperation.

In that sense it will become a little more difficult for them, because their way of conduct is more organized, more streamlined, more disciplined, and in that sense not so complicated as in India. The process to look for cooperation with Indian NGOs has just started. The Chinese side plans to send a delegation every year to filter out individuals who might help them to start interacting with Indian NGOs.

Avanti Metha for instance, an environmentalist who works alternatively in Mumbai and Delhi and was part of the Indian delegation in China, is involved in a lot of environment based issues and various agencies. The Chinese expect her to assist them to create networks with Indian environmental organizations and also to support them to promote their agenda to Indian government bodies and NGOs. But the motivation for partnering with Indian NGOs is much bigger on the Chinese than on the Indian side, a result of the general strains in the bilateral relationship which also affects civil society actors on both sides.

Ms Bhavna Singh assumes that because of the lack of mutual trust in the political sphere the two neighbouring countries also do not go comfortably with each other in other fields.

The language problem is certainly one factor because a lot of nuances are lost in translation. That makes working together difficult because very often both sides end up not to include the things they originally wanted to include in their agenda.

On the official level it is also difficult to get clearances from both sides. But even if the Chinese want to be the first to fund projects in India, they will be met with a lot of distrust. People would ask why a particular Chinese organization wants to invest or fund somebody in India. There is a qualitative difference for somebody who wants to pursue Indian Studies in China: The Chinese on the other hand have some experts in the Sanskrit language, and even a few experts in South Indian languages.

Their interest has most of the times to do with Buddhist scriptures which had an impact on the traditional Chinese society. So, almost all classical Buddhist scripture are already translated into modern Chinese. India needs a new approach towards China The call for a new strategy or approach towards China is not a new one Banerjee But India needs to react now to foster peaceful relations on an equal basis with China.

The educational and the economic sector are paving the way for better relations.

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With the growing capacity in university exchange programs and business relations also personal relationships can grow. On a personal, individual level trust between the two countries is growing. India's main problem in improving relations to China is partly due to the lack of political will from the government to change the status quo with Chine, due to vested interests from different political groups, industry and probably military.

But it is partially also due to the current state of political and civic culture in India. Most importantly, the media in India show a tendency to exaggerate and monger for sensations. The way popular Indian TV News Channels present news, as well as the discussion culture in talk shows, do not help to create a culture of common courtesy and trust or simply inform the public. In the case of China, media show a bias against China most of the time, looking at the neighbouring country primarily as a threat to India's sovereignty.

This argumentation is certainly not completely wrong; India has to keep a watchful eye on China because the border conflict is still pending and Chinese military power and influence in India's geo-strategic territory is increasing. China's relationship with Pakistan is definitely an effort to counter India's growing geo-political ambitions. But a comparison between Indian relationships to Pakistan and those to China shows that the chances for positive change are much higher with China. Since the war and the border clashes in Sikkim not a single shot was fired between India and China.

At the Indo-Pakistan border there is frequent exchange of artillery fire, terrorists are sneaking in, and then there is border trespassing by military jets and personnel. Additionally the element of ideology is much stronger in relation with Pakistan than with China. Such an element is totally missing in the relations with China.

China is a far more rational competitor and therefore much easier to deal with than Pakistan.

india china current relationship interview

Only India sometime seems to act irrational when it comes to China. India has to cast off its inferiority complex when it has to face China. The country seems to have forgotten its old strengths when it comes to its authoritarian neighbour. In direct comparison, the South Asian country lags far behind the PRC in almost all socio-economic index figures. Western and even Indian experts are quick to blame the slow democratic process for India's situation. In thes and in the first decade of the second millennium, when India's economic growth was on the fast track, experts did not spare with praises on India's democratic system and rule of law.

But in the economic slowdown that started inexperts again point their fingers at India's heterogeneous, democratic society. A German observer captures the ambivalence: But it seems though that the democratic process is a hindrance for India's development. However, one has to keep in mind that India's political system is characterized by an enormous complexity due to the diversity of regions, people and opportunities.

In this case blockades, idleness and corruption are somehow inevitable. Then there are the enormous social challenges, which very difficult to handle even with the best intentions and the most effective instruments.

Unpacking India-China relations

One may argue that this kind of assessment is again an oversimplification of the problem: How can a system that for almost two decades seemed to be a engine of growth, now be a hindrance for development? Many experts forget to evaluate the historic genesis of a system and the probable future consequences for it. The Chinese model of development evolved after decades of social and economic turmoil.

India's development was quite stable without major political system changes. All of them are located in Central Nepal or to the South. Second, China started investing in many infrastructure projects in Nepal. Infor the first time, her investments in Nepal have been more than that of India.

The infrastructure projects include five additional roads from Tibet Autonomous Region to Nepal, Road Rasuwagadi to Syaprubesi, railway link from Lhasa to Khasa and then onto Kathmandu, economic integration of the region, Optical fibre Link between Kathmandu and Khasa and construction of hydroelectric projects.

Bangladesh is another example. However, China has been investing in Bangladesh heavily. In the infrastructure development for Bangladesh, six friendship bridges, a conference centre, a thermal power plant, a fertilizer plant are being done by China. Recently, China sold two Ming Class submarines to Bangladesh. See Picture below China is also improving Chittagong Port. Similar will be the case with Nepal and other countries. There are no free lunches in international relations and earlier the affected countries realise this the better they will be.

This brings us to the point as to what India should do. With her size both geographically and economically, India can hold her own.

india china current relationship interview

For long, India had neglected her neighbourhood. However, there has been a change in her approach in the recent past. She has started concentrating on her neighbourhood. Dollar diplomacy is unlikely to pay dividends as China has a much bigger purse to win over these countries.

India should use her soft power to start with.