36 Questions & Answers About the Holocaust
What makes a relationship more intimate is the two people The problem is that when I then went back to the 36 questions again, and even. The 36 questions in the study are broken up into three sets, with each with the development of a close relationship among peers is sustained. Start studying Holocaust 36 questions. You just studied 36 terms! offspring of a marriage or extramarital liaison with a Jew on or after September 15,
Ask questions like the ones on Dr. Aron's list to share your ideas, attitudes, values, and sensitivities with each other. Aron divided his questions into three groups. Stick with the first group of questions during your first few dates, and gradually move on to each of the next groupings as you feel more comfortable with each other. There's no reason why you can't combine fun activities with serious conversation on the same date.
Some of the things you do together should be interactive — a board game, athletic activity, or even shopping together lets you experience different sides of each other's personalities.
The 36 Dating Questions Jewish Style
Focus on being "present" on your dates. Use all of your senses to concentrate on the experience, the conversation, what you're doing together. That helps make the date more enjoyable and allows a connection to develop naturally. When you're present, it's easier to resist the counterproductive urge to conduct an ongoing "analysis" of what's going on. Don't schedule your dates too close together. You need time to "process" your experiences and feelings, and that often takes place as you go through the routines of your life.
Twice a week is an optimal time-frame for seeing each other while you're building a relationship. Find a married mentor to talk to if you want advice or a perspective that can help you acquire clarity about a courtship.
In several countries, there were groups which aided Jews, e. Did the Allies and the people in the Free World know about the events going on in Europe?
The various steps taken by the Nazis prior to the "Final Solution" were all taken publicly and were, therefore, reported in the press. Once the war began, obtaining information became more difficult, but reports, nonetheless, were published regarding the fate of the Jews. Thus, although the Nazis did not publicize the "Final Solution," less than one year after the systematic murder of the Jews was initiated, details began to filter out to the West.
The first report which spoke of a plan for the mass murder of Jews was smuggled out of Poland by the Bund a Jewish socialist political organization and reached England in the spring of The details of this report reached the Allies from Vatican sources as well as from informants in Switzerland and the Polish underground. Eventually, the American Government confirmed the reports to Jewish leaders in late November They were publicized immediately thereafter.
While the details were neither complete nor wholly accurate, the Allies were aware of most of what the Germans had done to the Jews at a relatively early date.
What was the response of the Allies to the persecution of the Jews? Could they have done anything to help? The response of the Allies to the persecution and destruction of European Jewry was inadequate. Only in January was an agency, the War Refugee Board, established for the express purpose of saving the victims of Nazi persecution.
Prior to that date, little action was taken. On December 17,the Allies issued a condemnation of Nazi atrocities against the Jews, but this was the only such declaration made prior to Moreover, no attempt was made to call upon the local population in Europe to refrain from assisting the Nazis in their systematic murder of the Jews.
Other practical measures which were not taken concerned the refugee problem. Tens of thousands of Jews sought to enter the United States, but they were barred from doing so by the stringent American immigration policy. Even the relatively small quotas of visas which existed were often not filled, although the number of applicants was usually many times the number of available places.
Conferences held in Evian, France and Bermuda to solve the refugee problem did not contribute to a solution. At the former, the countries invited by the United States and Great Britain were told that no country would be asked to change its immigration laws.
Moreover, the British agreed to participate only if Palestine were not considered. At Bermuda, the delegates did not deal with the fate of those still in Nazi hands, but rather with those who had already escaped to neutral lands. Practical measures which could have aided in the rescue of Jews included the following: Permission for temporary admission of refugees Relaxation of stringent entry requirements Frequent and unequivocal warnings to Germany and local populations all over Europe that those participating in the annihilation of Jews would be held strictly accountable Bombing the death camp at Auschwitz Click HERE to learn more about U.
Who are the "Righteous Among the Nations"? There were "Righteous Among the Nations" in every country overrun or allied with the Nazis, and their deeds often led to the rescue of Jewish lives. Yad Vashem, the Israeli national remembrance authority for the Holocaust, bestows special honors upon these individuals. To date, after carefully evaluating each case, Yad Vashem has recognized approximately 10, "Righteous Gentiles" in three different categories of recognition.
The country with the most "Righteous Gentiles" is Poland. The country with the highest proportion per capita is the Netherlands. The figure of 10, is far from complete as many cases were never reported, frequently because those who were helped have died.
Moreover, this figure only includes those who actually risked their lives to save Jews, and not those who merely extended aid.
Were Jews in the Free World aware of the persecution and destruction of European Jewry and, if so, what was their response? The news of the persecution and destruction of European Jewry must be divided into two periods.
The measures taken by the Nazis prior to the "Final Solution" were all taken publicly and were, therefore, in all the newspapers. Once the war began, obtaining information became more difficult, but, nonetheless, reports were published regarding the fate of the Jews. The "Final Solution" was not openly publicized by the Nazis, and thus it took longer for information to reach the "Free World. The response of the Jews in the "Free World" must also be divided into two periods, before and after the publication of information on the "Final Solution.
Unfortunately, the views on how to best achieve these goals differed and effective action was often hampered by the lack of internal unity. Moreover, very few Jewish leaders actually realized the scope of the danger. Following the publication of the news of the "Final Solution," attempts were made to launch rescue attempts via neutral states and to send aid to Jews under Nazi rule.
These attempts, which were far from adequate, were further hampered by the lack of assistance and obstruction from government channels. Additional attempts to achieve internal unity during this period failed.
Did the Jews in Europe realize what was going to happen to them? Regarding the knowledge of the "Final Solution" by its potential victims, several key points must be kept in mind. First of all, the Nazis did not publicize the "Final Solution," nor did they ever openly speak about it.
Every attempt was made to fool the victims and, thereby, prevent or minimize resistance. Thus, deportees were always told that they were going to be "resettled. Following arrival in certain concentration camps, the inmates were forced to write home about the wonderful conditions in their new place of residence.
The Germans made every effort to ensure secrecy. In addition, the notion that human beings--let alone the civilized Germans--could build camps with special apparatus for mass murder seemed unbelievable in those days.
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Escapees who did return to the ghetto frequently encountered disbelief when they related their experiences. Even Jews who had heard of the camps had difficulty believing reports of what the Germans were doing there. Inasmuch as each of the Jewish communities in Europe was almost completely isolated, there was a limited number of places with available information.
Thus, there is no doubt that many European Jews were not aware of the "Final Solution," a fact that has been corroborated by German documents and the testimonies of survivors. How many Jews were able to escape from Europe prior to the Holocaust? It is difficult to arrive at an exact figure for the number of Jews who were able to escape from Europe prior to World War II, since the available statistics are incomplete. From, German and Austrian Jews left their homes.
Some immigrated to countries later overrun by the Nazis. During the yearsapproximately 35, emigrated from Bohemia and Moravia Czechoslovakia. Shanghai, the only place in the world for which one did not need an entry visa, received approximately 20, European Jews mostly of German origin who fled their homelands. Immigration figures for countries of refuge during this period are not available.
In addition, many countries did not provide a breakdown of immigration statistics according to ethnic groups. It is impossible, therefore, to ascertain. Various organizations attempted to facilitate the emigration of the Jews and non-Jews persecuted as Jews from Germany. Among the programs launched were the "Transfer Agreement" between the Jewish Agency and the German government whereby immigrants to Palestine were allowed to transfer their funds to that country in conjunction with the import of German goods to Palestine.
Other efforts focused on retraining prospective emigrants in order to increase the number of those eligible for visas, since some countries barred the entry of members of certain professions.
Other groups attempted to help in various phases of refugee work: Some groups attempted to facilitate increased emigration by enlisting the aid of governments and international organizations in seeking refugee havens. The League of Nations established an agency to aid refugees but its success was extremely limited due to a lack of political power and adequate funding. The United States and Great Britain convened a conference in at Evian, France, seeking a solution to the refugee problem.
With the exception of the Dominican Republic, the nations assembled refused to change their stringent immigration regulations, which were instrumental in preventing large-scale immigration. Inthe Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees, which had been established at the Evian Conference, initiated negotiations with leading German officials in an attempt to arrange for the relocation of a significant portion of German Jewry. However, these talks failed.
Efforts were made for the illegal entry of Jewish immigrants to Palestine as early as Julybut were later halted until July Large-scale efforts were resumed under the Mosad le-Aliya Bet, Revisionist Zionists, and private parties.
Attempts were also made, with some success, to facilitate the illegal entry of refugees to various countries in Latin America. The key reason for the relatively low number of refugees leaving Europe prior to World War II was the stringent immigration policies adopted by the prospective host countries. In the United States, for example, the number of immigrants was limited toper year, divided by country of origin.
In the framework of this law, a Jewish student was a child with two non-Aryan parents. Did the Nazis plan to murder the Jews from the beginning of their regime? This question is one of the most difficult to answer. While Hitler made several references to killing Jews, both in his early writings Mein Kampf and in various speeches during the s, it is fairly certain that the Nazis had no operative plan for the systematic annihilation of the Jews before The decision on the systematic murder of the Jews was apparently made in the late winter or the early spring of in conjunction with the decision to invade the Soviet Union.
When was the first concentration camp established and who were the first inmates? The first concentration camp, Dachau, opened on March 22, The camp's first inmates were primarily political prisoners e. Communists or Social Democrats ; habitual criminals; homosexuals; Jehovah's Witnesses; and "anti-socials" beggars, vagrants, hawkers.
Others considered problematic by the Nazis e. Jewish writers and journalists, lawyers, unpopular industrialists, and political officials were also included. Which groups of people in Germany were considered enemies of the state by the Nazis and were, therefore, persecuted?
The following groups of individuals were considered enemies of the Third Reich and were, therefore, persecuted by the Nazi authorities: Jews, Gypsies, Social Democrats, other opposing politicians, opponents of Nazism, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, habitual criminals, and "anti-socials" e. Any individual who was considered a threat to the Nazis was in danger of being persecuted. What was the difference between the persecution of the Jews and the persecution of other groups classified by the Nazis as enemies of the Third Reich?
The Jews were the only group singled out for total systematic annihilation by the Nazis. To escape the death sentence imposed by the Nazis, the Jews could only leave Nazi-controlled Europe.
Every single Jew was to be killed according to the Nazis' plan. In the case of other criminals or enemies of the Third Reich, their families were usually not held accountable.
Thus, if a person were executed or sent to a concentration camp, it did not mean that each member of his family would meet the same fate. In the case of the Jews, it was because of their racial origin, which could never be changed.
Why were the Jews singled out for extermination? The explanation of the Nazis' implacable hatred of the Jew rests on their distorted world view which saw history as a racial struggle. They considered the Jews a race whose goal was world domination and who, therefore, were an obstruction to Aryan dominance.