Relations between Turkey and Spain / Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Apr 15, Summary: Spain and Turkey are enjoying a burgeoning economic and political to upgrade their relations and hold an annual summit. in behalf of the English alliance with the sultan against Spain Yet it was precisely ing episode in the early history of Anglo-Turkish relations. Of greatest . Turkey-Spain relations begin with the signing of the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce in Bilateral relations reached new dimensions by the.
His unpredictability is perhaps the most important obstacle as far as Greek-Turkish relations are concerned.
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The more Turkey is cooperating with international organisations — such as the EU — the better it is for the Greek national interest. Of course, Greece cannot turn a blind eye to recent developments. Greece should not insist on wishful thinking but prepare itself for the worst scenario. Greece will only be able to efficiently manage an alleged threat coming from Turkey in cooperation with its European allies. The federal government, however, is clearly concerned by the severe deterioration in Turkish-German and Turkish-EU relations.
In a policy statement in the German Bundestag in the aftermath of the constitutional referendum, Chancellor Merkel emphasised that neither Turkey turning its back on Europe, nor Europe turning its back on Turkey, were in German interests. Berlin has, however, made it clear on a number of occasions that the government would consider the adoption of the death penalty a red line and the end of the accession process.
This process is envisaged to include bilateral talks between Berlin and Ankara as well as wider dialogue with the EU institutions. German-Turkish relations are traditionally dense in both economic and political terms, but are also complicated because of their strong domestic dimension in Germany.
Spain–Turkey relations - Wikipedia
In the end, more than 60 per cent of Turkish voters in Germany voted in favour of the constitutional reforms, a result that led to serious soul-searching in Germany about the failures of integration: How could it be that Turks living in a liberal democracy would wish for their fellow countrymen to live in an autocracy? The latest round is taking place at the time of writing and has prompted the government in Berlin to announce that it would consider moving outside of Turkey if Ankara did not give up its blockade — certainly not a good starting point for talks with Turkey at the upcoming NATO summit.
Though there is concern with the deterioration of relations between Europe and Turkey, as well as with the authoritarian drift of Erdogan, Spanish officials are insisting on the need to build bridges instead of cutting all ties with Ankara. As such, the current minority government of PM Mariano Rajoy PP, conservative is opposed to freezing accession negotiations with Ankara.
On the contrary, officials stress the need to maintain open channels to keep Turkey strategically anchored to the West and to Europe. Nonetheless, there is a widespread sense that Western and EU influence with Turkey has clearly ebbed and that Erdogan is set to proceed with his post-coup crackdown regardless of criticism.
Commercial and Economic Relations between Turkey and Spain
Spanish opposition parties PSOE, liberal Ciudadanos and leftist Podemos also take a tougher position on Erdogan than the current government. The prospect of its accession to the EU has often been a political hot potato, sometimes spectacularly so — such as when former president Nicolas Sarkozy vetoed the opening of certain chapters in the accession negotiations and revised the French constitution to force a referendum on any future EU enlargement.
Even in the recent presidential election, the discussions on Turkey have been rather marginal, in spite of the many issues that could have triggered vivid debates. Even those who want to keep the door open for Turkey, such as newly-elected president Emmanuel Macron, have made it clear that the conditions for accession are clearly not met — even less so after the recent developments in the country.
Migration flows could have been a possible trigger. But the public debate quickly shifted to other topics. Macron is also likely to take into account the importance of Turkey to other EU partners, most notably Germany. An important factor will be the outcome of the upcoming legislative elections 11 and 18 Junewhere Macron will need to gain a majority. Economic and energy cooperation play an important role in this: Italy is the third most important European trade partner for Turkey fourth on a global scalewhile several projects are underway to bring natural gas from Turkey to Italy.
Rome has no desire to suspend the accession process, however. It worries that, once frozen, it could be very difficult to re-start the process, and does not want to see all the work done so far go to waste.
In his April meeting with President Trump, Italian PM Gentiloni underlined that Europe needs a common position on Turkey, and that this position must respect the choice made by the Turkish people in the referendum. The key for Italy is how the constitutional reforms are implemented. At the time of the refugee deal, PM Renzi remarked that the protection of freedom of speech and human rights in Turkey should remain central in the political dialogue between Brussels and Ankara.
Italy recognises that the current political momentum is delicate and follows it closely. Any new kind of framework of cooperation that could give an impetus to the current stall is seen openly and constructively. The current Italian approach is based on the historical relations and friendship that Italy and Turkey share. However, this relationship is now under severe pressure.
Turkey is crucial for Italy, but Rome would like Turkey to continue its accession process beginning with bringing its domestic policies in line with European values. Ethnic Turks are the largest non-western group in the country, and, despite most being second or third generation immigrants, Turkish is still the accent everyone can recognise, and the food on every street corner.
And then there are the periodic diplomatic incidents. This incident, ostensibly caused to avoid a disturbance of the public order, was seen by commentators as a way for Rutte to show himself as a strongman in an election campaign dominated by debates about immigration and identity.
For days, Rutte and Erdogan were stuck in a Predator-like handshake, trading strong words until they both looked like defenders of their national pride. Erdogan has not stopped defending his side of the story either: For the past years, the official view of the Dutch government was that Turkey should be allowed to join the European Union once all requirements had been met.
Which countries are for or against Turkish accession? Turkey wants to join the European Union, but the nation bloc has mixed feelings about the partnership. DW looks at which member states favor Turkish accession, which ones don't and why.
Turkey applied to join the European Economic Community 30 years ago. Inthe bloc declared it eligible to join the EU and in accession talks began. But now, years of painstaking negotiations could collapse altogether. Although openness toward Turkey as an EU member state varies by country, no nation in the bloc favors unconditional accession for Ankara. The proposal follows the arrest of a number of German citizens in Turkey, as well as a call by President Erdogan for German-Turks to vote against Merkel in the upcoming general elections.
In the past, Germany's conservative parties have advocated for a privileged partnership, rather than full membership. Diplomatic relations are rocky between the two countries, but the partnership remains a vital one both for security and political interests: Roughly 3 million residents in Germany are from Turkey or have Turkish roots.
Austria Inthe Austrian government led calls for the EU to end talks with Turkey and maintains this stance today. Citing mass arrests in the wake of Turkey's failed coupAustrian Chancellor Christian Kern said democratic standards in Ankara were "clearly not sufficient to justify accession. Pointing to Erdogan's departure from European valuesMichel stressed that diplomatic relations were deteriorating swiftly under the autocratic president. Some countries remain on the fence France Paris's attitude toward Ankara has shifted in recent years, with President Nicolas Sarkozy staunchly opposed to Turkey's accession to the EU.
France's newest president, Emmanuel Macron, has yet to reveal what his government's official position is. The issue of expanding the EU to include the Muslim country has not received much attention in public debate, perhaps due to the unlikelihood of its taking place any time soon.
Luxembourg and Denmark The tiny EU member state of Luxembourg supports maintaining dialogue with Turkey, but has been neither strongly supportive of nor opposed to its inclusion into the bloc.
Like many of its neighbors, Luxembourg has voiced concerns about Turkey drifting away from the values and principles that unite EU member states. Denmark has maintained a pragmatic approach toward Ankara without strongly supporting or opposing negotiations.
Fears of Muslim immigration - in part from a possible EU membership for Turkey - helped fuel support for Brexit United Kingdom With its own days as an EU member state marked, the UK's diplomatic relations are currently in flux.