United Kingdom–United States relations - Wikipedia
The SDSR established three overarching national security objectives to deal with these . The UK-US Defence relationship is the broadest, deepest and most. The evidence is clear that the UK-US military-to-military relationship is . objectives, but we are still absolutely at the heart of European security. British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon welcomed his US counterpart General James Mattis in London for the first time, by calling the UK-US.
In the Name of Defense: UK-US Relations 'Most Important Ever' Amid Brexit Affair
This was published under the to Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government Delivered on: Transcript of the speech, exactly as it was delivered Introduction I would like to thank McKenna, Long and Aldridge for organising this session for me to speak to you and inform you of current UK defence issues. I am delighted to be here in the United States where I lived for two years in the s and so have a huge affinity for this country.
One of my aims is to contribute to the closeness of that relationship. Ensuring the interoperability of our armed forces, developing our approach to joint procurement, working to maximise technology exchange and promoting defence trade, in both directions, these are all issues within my particular remit. At moments of true existential uncertainty, we have come together in the past, we worked together and we prevailed.
When it really counts, our unique alliance can be counted upon. That great woman, Baroness Thatcher, as Prime Minister said that whenever she visited America, she felt ten years younger, despite the jetlag.
I think this perfectly encaptures the sense of vibrancy that we gain when we work together, a vibrancy that derives from knowing you are amongst friends. And it was Margaret Thatcher who helped to define the post war Anglo-American relationship. She understood better than anyone that Britain and America are two of the most like-minded nations on Earth. The defence relationship The Anglo-American relationship is far wider than just defence and security: But at its heart lies defence and security cooperation.
For we must be able to protect our shared values and defend our mutual interests. We understand in the UK that we are the smaller partner in this relationship, but we believe strongly that both our nations benefit from our collaboration.
If you look at the depth and breadth of Anglo-American defence cooperation you begin to get an appreciation of how unique it is. We share all forms of intelligence on a wide range of areas to an unprecedented level. Our armed forces train, operate and, increasingly, equip together. For example, our air forces both shall be shortly operating Airseeker and do operate Reaper, train together on a daily basis and are developing the Joint Strike Fighter where we are the only tier one partner nation.
In current operations in Afghanistan our armed forces fight side-by-side in the most difficult parts of the south of the country. And I return to London on Thursday this week to host an event celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Polaris Agreement, marking our cooperation in the most sensitive of areas, the nuclear deterrent.
What other two countries share so much and work so closely? So I am very focussed on making sure that the decisions I make now facilitate the UK-US defence relationship of tomorrow. The post environment represents a new dawn for defence, as we move from commitment to preparation; where our focus shifts from supporting long standing, largely land-based operations to the need to provide high readiness, highly contingent forces which can operate seamlessly in challenging environments.
It is difficult to predict exactly what the next threat will look like, how the next crisis will evolve or where next we will be required to operate. But what we must be certain about is that our armed forces possess the operational advantage to overcome their adversaries.
Weighing up Britain's defence relationships - BBC News
To ensure this is the case we must continue to invest in research now. And this is why we are working hard to maximise collaboration on research. Cooperation between the United Kingdom and United States in science and technology has been one of the corner stones of the wider strategic relationship over many decades. From longstanding research cooperation in, for example, space, chemical and biological defence, nuclear propulsion and armour technology, to our more recent work together on our most important challenge, supporting operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Our scientists and engineers have worked closely with our armed forces to develop technology that has countered the threat from improvised explosive devices and other threats in theatre, saving lives and enabling our operations to be successful. The collaborative programme between the Army Research Laboratory and our Defence Science and Technology Laboratory to develop an enhanced IED detector for dismounted soldiers is an excellent example of this work.
Together we are also identifying the future threats that will challenge the security of our armed forces, and our nations, such as new forms of terrorism and the use of cyberspace and electronic warfare as a new battleground.
I know that SMEs are not the only source of original thinking, but they often provide the niche expertise which can lead to breakthroughs in defence applications.
So in Britain we are striving to create as many entry points as possible for our defence and security SMEs to access our own supply chain. We both get access to cutting edge technology, and we both reap the economic benefits of having vibrant defence sectors, which create jobs and profits. Acquisition cooperation The benefits of collaboration and free access apply right across all areas of defence acquisition: This reciprocity is a vital component of our relationship and enables us to get the best out of each other.
And in these fiscally straitened times, we cannot afford to work in isolation. We cannot afford to ignore technological developments in other countries, and pay to develop those same technologies from scratch within our own defence industries.
This is inefficient and denies our armed forces important capabilities.
Neither can we afford to procure in isolation. Britain and the US have had some significant recent successes that highlight the benefits of joint procurement.
Maintaining UK and US military relationship could cost Britain more than $10 billion a year
Brimstone was used incredibly successfully during the Libya campaign, no one else has managed to develop a fast jet precision weapon system that can be effectively used in such a complex environment as was present in Libya, and deploying it from a US asset will further demonstrate its US-UK utility.
From the logistical support perspective, the C transport aircraft is an excellent example of a truly inclusive and effective US-UK, and international, cooperative arrangement. It enables all international C users, including the United States Air Force and the RAF, to enjoy economies of scale, shared costs and a truly global footprint that would be unobtainable to their individual fleets. This means we can all draw on the support that is available to the world-wide fleet of aircraft.
And Reaper, which the UK and US use collaboratively to provide ISR and precision strike to protect our forces and the local population in Afghanistan, shows how we have taken interoperability to a new level.
The principle of interoperability is especially important as we also look to create efficiencies in the way we work together to provide collective security around the world.
Reform of NATO is one solution. Bilateral defence agreements, like our recent defence treaty with France, represent another. But central to all of these is the need to maximise interoperability. This is why we are striving hard to build interoperability into our equipment programme. This is why the UK armed forces chiefs came to the US recently for an historic meeting with the Joint Chiefs, the first apparently to have taken place since We accept that our ability to work with your armed forces is a crucial part of our defence strategy.
Finally, we cannot afford to close our defence markets. We the UK have the fourth largest defence budget in the world and represent a significant customer. Defence Exports But we are also a defence exporter, second only to the US. In any given year, approximately But it is not just direct trade that should be considered; our defence industries are so intertwined, that British exports to other countries often include US made components, and vice versa, some US exports contain UK components.
All of this Transatlantic trade and cooperation is important to both our economies. The United States declared its independence from Great Britain in The two countries established diplomatic relations in The United States broke relations when it declared war on the United Kingdom during the War of ; relations were reestablished in The United States has no closer ally than the United Kingdom, and British foreign policy emphasizes close coordination with the United States.
Bilateral cooperation reflects the common language, ideals, and democratic practices of the two nations. The United Kingdom and the United States continually consult on foreign policy issues and global problems and share major foreign and security policy objectives.
Assistance to the United Kingdom The International Fund for Ireland IFIcreated inprovides funding for projects to generate cross-community engagement and economic opportunity in Northern Ireland the United Kingdom and the border counties of Ireland.
The United Kingdom is one of the largest markets for U. The United Kingdom is a large source of foreign tourists visiting the United States. It participates in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows nationals of participating countries to travel to the United States for certain business or tourism purposes for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.
Flag is raised at the new U. Embassy in London, January 12,