Russian military intervention in Ukraine (–present) - Wikipedia
Concentrating exclusively on relations with the Ukrainian leadership and complications, the current situation is far more favorable for Russia. Relations between Russia and Ukraine are difficult. The two governments can barely talk to each other even though, as neighbours, there are serious trade. The bilateral relationship between Russia and Ukraine formally started in the s The current crisis between Ukraine and Russia can be identified as a.
Beyond Ukraine. EU and Russia in Search of a New Relation | ISPI
Starting inthrough the s and s, Ukraine and Russia engaged in several gas disputes. A pro-Russian president, Viktor Yanukovichwas elected in and Russia felt that many ties with Ukraine could be repaired. Prior to this, Ukraine had not renewed the lease of Black Sea Naval base at Sevastopol, meaning that Russian troops would have to leave Crimea by However, Yanukovich signed a new lease and expanded allowable troop presence as well as allowing troops to train in the Kerch peninsula.
Yulia Tymoshenko, the main opposition figure of Yanukovich, was jailed on what many considered trumped up charges, leading to further dissatisfaction with the government. In NovemberViktor Yanukovich declined to sign an association agreement with the European Union, a treaty that had been in development for several years and one that Yanukovich had earlier approved of.
In SeptemberRussia warned Ukraine that if it went ahead with a planned agreement on free trade with the EUit would face financial catastrophe and possibly the collapse of the state. This will not happen. Glazyev allowed for the possibility of separatist movements springing up in the Russian-speaking east and south of Ukraine.
He suggested that, contrary to international law, if Ukraine signed the agreement, Russia would consider the bilateral treaty that delineates the countries' borders to be void.
Russia would no longer guarantee Ukraine's status as a state and could possibly intervene if pro-Russian regions of the country appealed directly to Russia. As the police abandoned their posts across the capital Kiev and the opposition established control over key intersections and the parliament, President Yanukovych fled Kiev for Kharkiv in the east of Ukraine, where he traditionally has had more support. The vote was 10 short of three-quarters of the Parliament members, the requirement of the Constitution of Ukraine for impeachment.
Yanukovych stated that the vote was unconstitutional because of this issue, [a]    and refused to resign. The emphasis to this day is placed on what is shared, on what brings the Eastern Slavic peoples together and the factor of common faith and common history, with far less attention being paid to their differences. As a result, those differences in public consciousness remain on a folklore and regional level. In the meantime, the Russian authorities are reviving the concept of a unified Orthodox Russian people that was officially adopted by the Russian Empire at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.
Today, the talk is of a Russian world as a distinct civilizational community.
Long At War With Each Other, Ukraine and Russia Trade On
This approach, however, can partially be justified only with regard to culture, rather than to economics or politics. The use of the Russian world slogans in to support the political unity of Russia and Ukraine quickly compromised the idea of community itself not only in Ukraine but also in Belarus.
We can also maintain with a fair degree of confidence that the Belarusians also associate their country with Europe and do not see Belarus as a mere extension of the Russian Federation. President Alexander Lukashenko is gradually constructing an independent Belarusian state that must under no circumstances fully integrate with Russia. There is a clear geopolitical demarcation here. The process of self-determination of the Russian nation has not yet been completed, but Russia, unlike its close neighbors, is seeking to establish itself as an independent superpower that is not associated either with the European Union or other power centers such as China.
Russia, in this context, is not Europe or Asia, it is just Russia in its own right. This process accelerated afterand we can speak not so much about the incorporation of Crimea as about the separation of Ukraine. A settlement in Donbass and European security The conflict in Donbass is localized, but the confrontation around Ukraine has international ramifications.
It has become the trigger for a new confrontation between Russia and the U. The outcome of this conflict will be of principal importance for the future standing of both Russia and the United States in the global system of international relations.
For this reason, the Ukrainian conflict will not be resolved until the outcome of the American-Russian confrontation becomes clear. The conflict, however, is taking place on the territory of Europe. There is a fundamental disagreement between Russia and the EU countries that should not be underestimated and certainly not ignored, but there are no such acute contradictions as there are between Russia and the United States.
The de-escalation of the conflict in Donbass and, in the long term, partial stabilization in the south-east of Ukraine are key preconditions for the relaxation of tensions with the EU. In these circumstances, the Kremlin is shifting the emphasis to Europe, first and foremost Germany and France, and attempting to demonstrate its goodwill and readiness for dialogue with the Europeans.
This is a positive trend that reflects a great deal of realism in Russian policy. On the contrary, it is the first move in a new round of diplomatic interaction between Russia and Europe, in which Ukraine and the U. The modality of the eventual UN operation will be the subject of negotiations if there is a consensus to hold them. It will not be easy to reach such a consensus. The principal task for Ukraine and the West is to provide some form of effective international control over the Donbass section of the Russian-Ukrainian border.
Such fundamental differences foreshadow complex and difficult negotiations, but it is extremely important that they be started. In fact, the conflict could again escalate to a more violent stage.
Russia as a state, objectively, cannot benefit from this situation. While agreeing with the UN peacekeeping role in Donbass, Russia must be ready to offer further steps towards de-escalation of the conflict in order to overcome negative trends in relations with Europe.
At present it is important to reaffirm that Russia views Donbass as part of Ukraine and that it is interested in the de-escalation of the conflict with subsequent, stage-by-stage stabilization of the region. Other aspects of the Russian position require clarification. But at the same time it is obvious that Ukraine will remain extremely hostile to Russia and will most likely make use of the U.