What is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

Biochemical function of selenium and its relation to vitamin E.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

ion of equine feeds is restricted only by nutritional recommendations and industry practices (NRC, ). The selenium requirement for mature idle horses was. tissues of the body in a specific complex which contains selenium. Recent studies regard to the activity of vitamin E, of pro-oxidants and antioxidants in relation. You know you're supposed to get all of your vitamins and minerals every Vitamin E and selenium have individual roles, but they also work.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

It may be endogenously produced or derived from the diet Rumley and Paterson, Vitamin E Vit E and Selenium Se are essential nutrients that have complementary biological functions as antioxidants to minimize cellular damage caused by endogenous peroxides Kolb et al. These products causing cellular degeneration and necrosis Gutteridge and Halliwell, Selenium as an essential component of Glutathione peroxidase GPXacts to destroy peroxides before they attack cell membranes Ebert-Dumig et al.

However, Vit E and Se represent only part of the cellular antioxidant defense system. Cytosolic- Super Oxide Dismutase SOD enzyme is a vital free radical s scavenger, the activity that protects cells from oxidative stress Teoh et al. In addition to their individual effects, antioxidants interact in synergistic ways and have sparing effects, in which one antioxidant protects another against oxidative destruction. Combinations of antioxidants may be more effective than larger quantities of any single antioxidant Young and Lowe, The antioxidative role becomes very important during the immune response when neutrophils produce large quantities of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide from molecular oxygen to destroy ingested foreign organisms Ebert-Dumig et al.

The immunoglobulins mainly IgG are responsible for most of humoral immunity, with electropholitic mobility in the gamma-band.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

Animals with immune deficiency disorders are particularly hypogamma globulinamic Jain, Several studies suggest that both humoral and cellular immune functions are improved by Vit E and Se supplementation in different species Ramos et al. However, the amount of antioxidants needed for maximizing immune competence is higher than the suggested required by NRC Nockels, Therefore, the present study aimed to throw a light on the interaction between Se and Vit E and their effects on the antioxidant and immune status of sheep.

Twenty one clinically healthy non-pregnant, non-lactating Baladi ewes 2 to 3. Wheat straw Tiben was offered ad libitum as roughage.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

Two blood samples were drawn from a jugular vein of each ewe on the day before supplementation commenced week 0 and every two weeks along the experimental period. The instrument used was a spectrophotometer UVShimatsu, Japan. Hemoglobin concentration was determined using the method of Jain An ultraviolet detector with nm filter was used. PAGE was carried out according to Laemmli The concentration of Vit E and Se in the diet supplement were The diet was considered adequate in Se and Vit E as recommended by NRCwhich appears to be based on levels to prevent white muscle disease.

Nutritional Interrelationships of Vitamin E and Selenium | BioScience | Oxford Academic

Table 1shows the antioxidant profile of the experimental animals at different weeks for different trials. These findings were supported by Smith and Allen and Hatfield et al. Our findings agree with Wang et al. On the other hand Yang et al. In unsupplemented ewes, GPX-activity remained between U g-1 Hb which is considered critical and indicative of marginal Se- deficiency, using category suggested by Ransel kit.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

Similar results were obtained by Walsh et al. More information is required to establish the reference values for SOD-activity in sheep.

Biochemical function of selenium and its relation to vitamin E.

Figure 23 and Tables 2 and 3demonstrate total serum protein levels and its fractions electrophoretically in the three trials. The allover values either the tendency to decline or to increase were within the physiological levels recorded by kaneko No significant changes of clinical importance could be traced concerning total serum protein and albumin concentrations Fig.

As shown in Fig. Vitamin E also helps keep your immune system strong and allows your body to form red blood cells, which are responsible for delivering oxygen to your tissues and removing waste products from your body.

what is the relationship between selenium and vitamin

Your body also needs vitamin E in order to use vitamin K properly. Vitamin K is known as the coagulation vitamin because it plays a vital role in proper blood clotting. Sources of Vitamin E The Food and Nutrition Board recommends both adult males and females consume 15 milligrams of vitamin E every day. Foods that contain vitamin E include sunflower seeds, almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts and peanut butter.

Some fruits and vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, kiwi fruit, mango and tomatoes, also contain small amounts of vitamin E. Most dry cereals are fortified with vitamin E. Selenium Benefits Like vitamin E, selenium acts as an antioxidant.

In fact, selenium is even more effective as an antioxidant when combined with vitamin E, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements.

The Benefits of Selenium in Brazil Nuts

Selenium also helps regulate your thyroid, the small butterfly-shaped gland that controls all the metabolic processes in your body, and keeps your immune system functioning properly. Selenium allows your body to build white blood cells, which help the body fight illness and infection. Sources of Selenium The Food and Nutrition Board recommends adults consume 55 micrograms of selenium every day.